EV Charging Station Infrastructure Costs & Breakdown. Vehicle charging station cost

EV Charging Station Infrastructure Costs Breakdown

As demand for electric vehicles increases for businesses and consumers, the need for electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure is growing rapidly. However, the cost of building and maintaining this infrastructure can be quite significant. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at the breakdown of EV charging infrastructure costs and break down some of the factors that contribute to these costs.

How do you build EV charging infrastructure?

Building EV charging infrastructure involves several steps, including planning, design, installation, and ongoing maintenance.

In general, building EV infrastructure involves determining the need, developing a plan, choosing a location, obtaining permits, installing the equipment, testing, and ongoing maintenance. This process can cost thousands and thousands of dollars and take anywhere from 12 months to 2 years to complete.

Building EV charging infrastructure is a complex and involved process, but it is an important investment in the future of transportation. So let’s dive deeper into the process of creating EV charging station infrastructure.

Equipment and Installation Costs

First, it’s important to note that the cost of EV charging infrastructure can vary widely depending on the type of charging station and the location. The three primary types of charging stations are Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 (DC fast charging).

Level 1 charging stations are the slowest, providing up to 4 miles of range per hour of charging. Level 2 chargers are faster, providing up to 25 miles of range per hour of charging. DC fast charging stations are the fastest, providing up to 200 miles of range in just 30 minutes of charging, depending on the vehicle. As you might expect, the cost of these electric vehicle charging stations increases as the charging speed increases.

One of the most significant costs associated with EV charging infrastructure is the cost of the charging equipment itself. Level 1 charging stations are the most basic and least expensive, with pricing ranging from 200. 1000. These charging stations typically plug directly into a standard wall outlet. However, additional installation and labor costs still need to be considered depending on the location of the EV charger. Electrical wiring may need to be done, you may need to update the grid, and receive the necessary permits.

For businesses, Level 1 EV charging is not sufficient for daily use due to the slow charge times. If your business is interested in utilizing Level 1 charging the daily use of the vehicle and distance traveled will need to be analyzed to determine if Level 1 EV charging can meet your business’ needs.

Level 2 charging stations are much faster than Level 1, but that comes with a higher price tag. The pricing for Level 2 EV charging stations can vary depending on the manufacturer, model, features, and installation costs. Overall, they can cost anywhere from 1,500 to 5,000 for just the equipment alone.

In addition to the cost of the electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), there will be installation costs to consider, such as the cost of running electrical wiring to the charging station, installation/construction labor costs, electrical grid updates, and permitting/compliance costs. Factors that will determine the price of these additional costs are grid-access, distance from electrical panel, site readiness, and inspections. Overall with the installation and EVSE costs, installing a Level 2 EV charging station can cost upwards of 10,000, not including the ongoing and regular maintenance of the equipment.

It’s also important to note that while Level 2 charging stations are faster than Level 1 stations, they still may be insufficient to keep up with daily operations depending on how far and often they are being used.

Level 3 (DC fast charging) EV charging stations is by far the fastest charging station available for electric vehicles. It also involves the most invasive installation and longest lead times, but is typically the quick charging solutions businesses are looking for in order to keep vehicles on the road the longest. Level 3 EVSE starts at about 20,000. If you’re looking for a Level 3 EV charger with more advanced features such as multiple charge ports or integrated energy storage, it can cost upwards of 100,000 or more just for the equipment.

In addition to the EV charger cost there are a lot of installation and labor costs associated with installing a Level 3 EV charging station. DC fast chargers require a high-voltage power supply and a specialized connection, so electricians will need to be hired and your business will likely have to submit plans, undergo inspections, and pay fees in order to meet safety codes and acquire permits. Trenching and digging are also a part of the installation process which requires a construction crew on-site. And finally, after the installation is complete it will need to be thoroughly inspected and tested to make sure it is functioning properly as well as regular maintenance to keep it operating. The installation costs alone can amount to around 100,000 making the total investment for a Level 3 EV charging station as high as 200,000 per charger.

Electricity Costs for EV Charging Stations

Another significant cost associated with EV charging infrastructure is the cost of electricity. Unlike traditional gas stations, EV charging stations need to purchase electricity from the grid in order to charge electric vehicles. The cost of this electricity can vary widely depending on the location and the time of day. In some cases, EV charging stations may be able to negotiate lower electricity rates with their utility providers, but this is not always possible.

Mobile EV Charging Solutions

EV charging station installation can be expensive and time consuming for businesses. With green incentives, businesses are looking for a quick solution that does not slow operations with long lead and construction times. Companies like SparkCharge created their mobile EV charging solutions specifically for businesses looking to make the transition to electric vehicles.

charging, station, infrastructure, costs, breakdown, vehicle

SparkCharge created the world’s first mobile Level 3 EV charger and EV charging service. Their equipment is not attached to the grid or installed in a specific location. This means SparkCharge can bring EV charging stations to the vehicle when and where it is needed. SparkCharge utilizes these portable EV chargers to create their charging-as-a-service offerings (CaaS). SparkCharge Fleet and SparkCharge Out of Charge (OOC).

SparkCharge Fleet is a mobile EV charging delivery service that allows fleet managers and operators to create a personalized service that delivers the EV charging to the vehicles when needed. There are 3 different ways you can have your charges delivered, on a recurring schedule, when the vehicle’s state of charge (SOC) is low, or on-demand through our portal.

SparkCharge OOC is a commercial electric vehicle charging service that allows partners to order a charge delivery when the vehicle’s SOC is low. This is a great option for vehicles that need to be kept at a certain charge level such as car dealerships.

In conclusion, the cost of EV charging infrastructure can be quite significant, with costs ranging from a few hundred dollars for a Level 1 charging station to tens of thousands of dollars for a DC fast charging station. However, as more and more electric vehicles hit the road, the demand for charging infrastructure will only continue to grow, making the investment in EV charging infrastructure an important one for the future of transportation.

How Much Does a Commercial EV Charging Station Cost?

Are you interested in getting a commercial EV charging station for your business? If so, you’re likely wondering how much they cost. In this blog post, we’ll give you an overview of the cost of commercial EV charging stations and provide some tips on how to find the best deal.

Types of commercial EV chargers

The price tag of your commercial electric vehicle charging station depends on your electrification needs. You will need to know which power level is best for your business. EV charging stations are available in three different power levels: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 or DC fast charging.

Level 1 is the standard for home charging using a wall plug of 120 volts and is the slowest type of EV charging equipment.

Level 2 chargers are usually found at public charging stations and use 240 volts.

DC fast chargers are the most robust of the three and charge with 480 volts. DC fast chargers are currently the fastest way to charge an EV. Level 1 and Level 2 chargers supply alternating current (AC) from the grid, which has to be converted by the electric car’s battery to direct current (DC) since EV batteries can only accept DC current. This conversion is what makes Level 1 and Level 2 chargers so much slower than DC fast chargers.

How much does it cost to install a commercial EV charging station?

The cost of an EV charging station depends on a few different factors, such as the type of charger, the number of chargers, and whether or not you’re installing a Level 2 or Level 3 charger.

Generally speaking, a Level 2 charger will cost between 1,200 and 6,000, while a Level 3 charger will cost between 30,000 and 80,000.

Of course, there are many other factors to consider when budgeting for an EV charging station, such as installation costs, permits, and ongoing maintenance. However, the initial cost is a good place to start when doing your research.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to install an EV charging station at your business should come down to a cost-benefit analysis. Weigh the up-front cost against the potential benefits of being a sustainable business that meets the needs of your employees and customers. If the benefits outweigh the costs, then EV charging stations are a great option for your business!

Most commercial facilities choose Level 2 or DC fast chargers. As you may have assumed correctly, Level 1 chargers are the cheapest, Level 2 chargers are at the mid-range price point, and DC fast chargers are the most expensive. Multi-family units or office buildings usually go with Level 2 chargers since they are more affordable than DC chargers and have a relatively sufficient charging speed. Other commercial properties with medium- or heavy-duty EV fleets choose DC fast chargers in order to adequately provide for their EV charging needs. Level 1 chargers are not a good option for commercial facilities, not only because they are too slow, but they can overload the electrical circuits at a facility. Level 1 chargers were not designed for commercial use, but for residential use, and that is why they can cause electrical issues when used for a large operation.

“>Charge Time “>Charger Type “>Estimated Charger Cost “>Amperage “>Voltage
“>4-8 hours “>Level 2 “>700 – 2,000 “>48 “>200-240
“>2-5 hours “>Level 2 “>1,800 – 4,000 “>80 “>200-240
“>1-2 hours “>Level 3 “>30,000 – 40,000 “>100 “>480
“>30-60 min “>Level 3 “>55,000 – 65,000 “>200 “>480
“>15-30 min “>Level 3 “>65,000 – 75,000 “>250 “>480

If you’re thinking of installing an EV charging station, it’s important to know that the cost can vary depending on a number of factors. Generally speaking, you should budget between 2,000 and 10,000 per Level 2 charging station. This includes the electrical and construction work as well as the charger itself. Of course, the exact cost will depend on things like the type of charger you choose and the extent of the electrical work required. But with a proper planning, you can be sure to get the best possible value for your money. Ultimately, the final figure will be much lower due to the rebates and incentives available for commercial EV charging installations. If you have existing electrical infrastructure that can be adapted for EV charging stations, you can save even more.

What are the costs associated with a commercial EV charging station installation?

In order to figure out how much installing an EV charging station at your property will cost, you’ll have to consider infrastructure and installation costs. Infrastructure expenses will be the most expensive and will depend on:

  • Cost to deliver power to the commercial EV charging stations
  • Labor and material costs for electrical conduit and wire, which will require digging
  • Labor and material costs for pouring new concrete
  • Labor and material for electrical panels (if needed)
  • Networked or non-networked (connected to internet/online management system or not)

How much does a commercial EV charging station cost? Installation expenses depend on factors such as:

  • Number of chargers
  • Charger manufacturer
  • Charger level
  • Labor
  • Permits
  • Taxes
  • Location
  • Landscaping/lighting features

EV charging solution financing options

As mentioned above, rebates, incentives, and tax credits will cause the eventual price you pay to electrify your facility much lower than initial estimates. Yet, there are even more options available to you that can help cut initial EV charging projects costs down even more. Here are three financing options offered by WattLogic:

Turnkey installation – Everything is covered for you. An EV charging company that offers this option should provide design, product selection, permitting, rebate and incentive management, and installation. With this option, you don’t have to worry about anything, but figuring out how to alert everyone about the new EV charging stations!

Fleet charging as a service or workplace charging as a service – You pay a monthly subscription fee and avoid paying all upfront costs. With this subscription fee, you receive everything as you would have had you purchased it outright.

If you choose WattLogic as your EV charging company, with our fleet charging as a service package you will also receive revenue from people charging, which could cover the cost of your subscription fee. Depending on how robust your EV charging station system is you could even see positive cash flow!

Shared Revenue – The EV charging contractor will install your stations for you and take on the cost, then collect the revenue your stations receive from drivers charging their EVs. A variation of this option would be the EV charging installer splitting both the cost and revenue with you.

Finding the right EV charging company.

Have you been thinking about installing a commercial EV charging station, but the process seems daunting? Don’t worry, WattLogic has got you covered. We will take care of every step of the process for you, from design and installation to EV charger selection and software connectivity. Plus, we can help you navigate the permitting process and take advantage of rebates and incentives. And our ongoing maintenance support will keep your charging station up and running for years to come. So if you’re ready to go electric, let WattLogic handle everything – we’ll make it easy.

How much does an electric car charging station cost?

Installing an electric car charging station costs 750 to 2,600 on average for a Level 2 charger and labor. Home EV charging stations cost 350 to 900 alone, and labor costs 400 to 1,700 to install. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, not including the Tesla Wall Connector at 500.

– 2,600 average total cost (charger installation)

Installing an electric car charging station costs 750 to 2,600 on average for a Level 2 charger and labor. Home EV charging stations cost 350 to 900 alone, and labor costs 400 to 1,700 to install. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, not including the Tesla Wall Connector at 500.

Electric Car Charging Station Installation Cost

An electric car charging station installation costs 750 to 2,600 for a Level 2 charger, 240-volt outlet, wiring, and wall mounting. Some EV charger installations cost 2,000 to 5,000 for extensive wiring or if the electrical panel needs upgrading. Tesla charger installation costs 1,000 to 1,700 total.

Electric Car Charging Station Installation Cost

Item Average Cost
Charging Station 350 – 900
Installation Labor 400 – 1,700
Total Cost To Install 750 – 2,600

Quick Facts

  • Level 2 home charging stations fill an EV’s battery 4x to 6x faster than a standard electrical wall outlet.
  • Charging an electric vehicle at home costs 3 to 8 per fill-up vs. 7 to 36 at public charging stations.
  • Charging an average of 30 miles per night increases an electric bill by 25 to 35 per month.
  • Charging stations are eligible for a federal 30% tax credit for purchase and installation costs, up to 1,000.
  • Many utility companies provide rebates of up to 50% on the purchase and installation of Level 2 home charging stations.

Average Cost to Install Vehicle Charging Station

The following is the average cost for a Level 2 charging station and installing a 240v outlet, wiring, and wall mounting.

Home EV Charging Station Cost

National Average Cost 1,200
Minimum Cost 400
Maximum Cost 5,000
Average Range 750 to 2,600

Electric Car Charging Station Cost

Electric car charging stations cost 350 to 900 on average for a Level 2 home charger, not including installation. EV charging stations cost 550 to 2,000 with higher amps for faster charging or dual vehicle support.

Electric Car Charging Station Cost

Factor Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Price 80 – 180 160 – 2,000 10,000 – 40,000
Amps 12 – 16 16 – 80 80 – 400
Volts 120 240 200 – 600
kW 1.4 – 1.9 2 – 19.4 20 – 240
Charge Per Hour 2 – 5 Miles 10 – 40 Miles 100 – 300 Miles

not including installation.

  • Level 1 chargers use a standard 120V household outlet that is common in garages, but provides slow charging speeds.
  • Level 2 charging stations require a 240V outlet and circuit like an electric stove or dryer uses.
  • Level 3, known as DC Fast Charging stations, charge up to 10x faster than Level 2 stations and are for commercial use.

Level 1 EV Charger (120-Volt)

A Level 1 EV charger costs 80 to 180, but is typically replaced for free with the vehicle’s warranty. EVs come with a Level 1 charger that uses a standard 120-volt outlet. Level 1 trickle chargers only deliver 2 to 5 miles per hour of charging and take 8 to 25 hours to fill an EV battery.

Level 1 EV Charger Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 80 – 180
Installation Labor 0 – 150
Charging Time 8 – 25 hours
Miles Charged Per Hour 2 – 5

Requires installing a new outlet if the existing outlet is more than 25 feet away.

Level 2 Charging Station Cost (240-Volt)

A 240-volt Level 2 charging station costs 350 to 900 on average. The labor cost to install a Level 2 charger is 400 to 1,700.

Level 2 EV chargers fully charge an EV battery in 4 to 10 hours and include app monitoring, thermal regulation, and programmable scheduling.

Level 2 Charging Station Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 160 – 2,000
Installation Labor 400 – 1,700
Charging Time 4 – 10 hours
Miles Charged Per Hour 10 –40

Requires installing a dedicated 240-volt circuit that handles 30, 40, or 50 amps.

Level 3 Charging Station Cost (DC Fast)

A Level 3 charging station costs 10,000 to 40,000. The average labor cost to install a Level 3 DC Fast charging station is 4,000 to 50,000.

Level 3 charging stations are reserved for public and commercial networks and charge an EV battery to full in 30 to 60 minutes.

Level 3 Charging Station Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 10,000 – 40,000
Installation Labor 4,000 – 50,000
Charging Time 30 – 60 minutes
Miles Charged Per Hour 150 – 300

Charging Station Considerations

An EV charging station is a type of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) that comes in many styles and options. Before buying a charging station, consider the following:

charging, station, infrastructure, costs, breakdown, vehicle
  • Portability – Hardwired Level 2 charging stations are permanently fixed to the wall, while plug-in units are portable.
  • Wi-Fi Enabled – Wi-Fi-enabled units have app monitoring and scheduling, and are eligible for utility provider rebates by sharing charger data.
  • Outlet Location Cord Length – Longer cables allow maneuvering around the vehicle or charging the car while parked in the driveway.
  • Indoor vs. Outdoor Rating – EV charging stations are rated NEMA 3, 4, or 6 to indicate their weather and water resistance. NEMA 3 chargers are suitable for indoor garage use. NEMA 4 or 6 chargers have higher weatherproofing for use indoors or outdoors.
  • Future-Proofing – Plan for future vehicle purchases by installing at least a 50-amp, 240-volt circuit for faster charging.
  • Dual Charging Powersharing – Homes with two electric vehicles need a dual charging station or two separate stations. Models with a powershare feature automatically balance the electricity load from two chargers on one circuit.
  • Maintenance Warranty – EV charging stations include a limited 1- to 3-year parts and labor warranty, depending on the brand and model.

Modifications performed by unauthorized service providers will void the charger’s warranty.

Tesla Charger Installation Cost

A Tesla Wall Connector home charger costs 500, without installation. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, including adding a new circuit.

NEMA adapters cost 35 to 45 and allow Teslas to plug into other Level 2 EV chargers.

Tesla Charger Installation Cost

Item Average Cost
Wall Connector Charger 500
Home Charger Installation 500 – 1,200
Cable Organizer 35
NEMA Adapters (To charge at non-Tesla stations) 35 – 45
  • Tesla Wall Connectors are Wi-Fi enabled, charge up to 44 miles of range per hour (up to 20X faster than a standard outlet), and are compatible with the Model S, Model X, and Model 3.
  • The Tesla Mobile Connector is a Level-1 charger included with a new Tesla for use with standard 120-volt household outlets.

Tesla Supercharger Costs

Tesla Supercharger charging stations cost 0.28 per kWh or from 0.13 to 0.26 per minute, depending on the location. A full recharge to 250 miles costs about 23.

Idle fees cost 0.50 to 1.00 per minute to any car occupying a Supercharger once the charge session is complete.

Tesla Supercharger Costs

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.28
Per Minute (Below 60 kW) 0.13
Per Minute (Above 60 kW) 0.26
Full Recharge (250 Miles) 23
  • Some locations charge per kWh (kilowatts per hour) while others use per-minute pricing. Specific locations offer on-peak and off-peak rates.
  • In urban areas, Superchargers deliver 72 kW of power with an average charging session lasting 45 to 50 minutes. Limited V3 Superchargers deliver 250 kW and cut charging times in half.

Home EV Charger Installation Costs

EV charger installation costs depend on the distance between the electrical panel and the charging station, the electrical panel’s capacity, wall mounting the charger, if trenching is required around the home or to a detached garage, and permits.

  • If existing service panel has a 240-volt circuit available, can handle the EV load, and installation is within 5 feet of panel
  • No wall mounting
  • Install new 240v outlet and circuit
  • Run 50-amp dedicated wiring
  • Mount the station
  • Installing new service panel, 240v outlet, wiring, and mounting the station
  • Or if extensive wiring is required to reach the station
  • Or to trench and run conduits around the home or to a detached garage

Installation costs only. Does not include charging station.

Electrician Costs To Install EV Charger

Electrical work is the biggest cost factor when installing an EV charging station. Many older homes require electrical upgrades to supply enough power to the station.

Electrician Costs To Install EV Charger

Factor Average Cost
Labor Charges for Electrician 40 – 100 per hour
50-Amp Outlet 240-Volt Circuit 300 – 800
Wiring 6 – 8 per foot
Trenching 4 – 12 per foot
Permit 50 – 200
200-Amp Electrical Panel Upgrade 1,800 – 2,500
  • Electrician – Electrician hourly rates are 50 to 130. Installing a Level 2 EV charging station requires a professional electrician to evaluate the existing electrical capacity and make any necessary upgrades.
  • Electrical Circuit Outlet – Installing a new 240-volt circuit and 50-amp outlet costs 300 to 800. Level 2 charging stations require adding a dedicated 240-volt circuit to the electrical panel. Plug-in models use a 30, 40, or 50-amp outlet wired to the circuit.
  • Wiring – New electrical wiring costs6 to 8 per linear foot to run wiring from the electrical panel to the wall where the EV charging station is installed.
  • Electrical Capacity – The cost to replace an electrical panel is 1,800 to 2,500 for a 200-amp panel. If the electrical panel doesn’t have the capacity to handle a new 240-volt circuit, the panel needs upgrading.
  • Underground Trenching – Trenching costs5 to 12 per linear foot, not including the wiring. Homes with a detached garage may need trenching to run conduit to the garage wall.
  • Garage Remodeling – Outdated, damaged, or old garages may need repairs and renovations that cost 1,000 to 5,000 on average. Building a new garage costs35 to 60 per square foot.

EV Charger Permits

An electrical permit costs 50 to 200 to install an EV charging station at home, depending on local requirements. Many utility companies offer rebates to cover the permit cost.

Additional Accessories

Additional charger accessories include a Wi-Fi booster, cable organizer, and pedestal mount.

EV Charging Station Accessories

Accessory Average Cost Description
Wi-Fi Signal Booster 20 – 80 Increases Wi-Fi range on supported units.
Cable Organizer 10 – 35 Built-in or mounted cable management system.
Pedestal Mount or Bollard 160 – 850 Outdoor mount for owners without a garage.

Costs of Setting Up An EV Charging Station

Setting up a Level 2 charger at home provides convenience and reliability, and saves up to 70% over public station rates and membership fees. A home charging station is always available and enables refilling the battery overnight and starting the day on a full charge.

Public vs Home Charger For Electric Car Cost

Metric Home Charger Public Station
Per kWh 0.11 – 0.21 0.28 – 0.79
Per Hour 0.50 – 1.50 1.50 – 6.00
Full Fill Up 3 – 8 7 – 36
Charger Installation 750 – 2,600 0
Monthly Membership 0 4 – 8
Availability Guaranteed Limited

Cost To Charge Electric Car

The average cost to charge an electric car is 0.03 to 0.04 per mile, 0.50 to 1.50 per hour, and between 3 and 8 for a full fill-up. An electric car raises your monthly electric bill by 25 to 35 for charging an average of 30 miles per night.

Cost To Charge Electric Car

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.11 – 0.21
Per Mile 0.03 – 0.04
Per Hour 0.50 – 1.50
Full Fill Up 3.00 – 8.00

Costs vary by state, utility company, type of electric vehicle, and time of day. New England areas have higher electricity costs, while states in the South are slightly lower than average.

Many utility companies offer time-of-use plans that allow cheaper electricity rates during off-peak hours or separate plans for household and EV charging.

Public EV Charging Stations Cost

The average cost of charging an electric car at a public station is 0.28 to 0.79 per kWh, from 1.50 to 3.60 per hour, or between 7 and 36 for a full charge. A charging membership costs 4 to 8 per month and typically saves 10% compared to pay-as-you-go pricing.

Public EV Charging Stations Cost

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.28 – 0.79
Per Minute (Level 2) 0.03 – 0.10
Per Minute (Level 3 DC Fast Charging) 0.26 – 0.30
Per Hour (Standard) 1.50 – 6.00
Idle Fees Per Minute 0.40 – 1.30
Full Fill Up 7 – 36
Monthly Membership / Subscription 4 – 8
  • There are 30,000 public charging stations around the U.S. operated by charging networks like ChargePoint, EVgo, Blink, Electrify America, and Tesla. In comparison, there are 168,000 gas stations.
  • Most charging stations only provide Level 2 charging, while 20% offer Level 3 DC Fast Charging, which takes 30 to 60 minutes to charge fully.
  • Public stations charge an idling fee of 0.40 to 1.30 per minute for leaving a vehicle plugged in after the maximum allowed time or after the battery is fully charged.
  • Free charging stations are available in many parking garages, shopping centers, and office parks.
  • Apps like PlugShare and ChargeHub help EV drivers find nearby public charging stations across all networks.

Charging Station Tax Credit

Electric vehicle charging stations are eligible for a federal 30% tax credit for purchase and installation costs, up to 1,000 for residential and 30,000 for commercial. Electric car owners may also qualify for incentives offered by state and local governments and utility companies:

  • Rebates – Most utility companies provide rebates of up to 50% on the purchase and installation of Level 2 home charging stations. Wi-Fi enabled stations are more likely to be eligible because utility companies use the data to distribute electricity more efficiently.
  • Discounted Registration Title Fees – Some states provide EV buyers with discounts on sales tax, registration fees, and title fees.
  • Access to Carpool Lanes – Many states give EV owners access to high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes.
  • Discounted Parking – Some cities and local businesses offer free public parking for EVs.

The U.S. Department of Energy has a searchable database of incentives to help EV owners find rebates, tax credits, and utility incentives based on location.

Electric Car Charging Point Cost By Brand

  • The best EV charging station brands are Juicebox Pro, Webasto TurboCord, ClipperCreek, and ChargePoint.
  • Top features include longer cables, fast charging, programmable scheduling, durability, and an outdoor rating.
  • Wi-Fi enabled with smartphone app
  • 25-ft cable
  • Security lock
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 4)
  • Quick-read status indicator lights
  • 15-ft, 20-ft, and 25-ft cable options
  • Hardwired and portable plug-in models available
  • Highest level of weatherproofing (NEMA 6P)
  • Built-in thermal regulation safety feature
  • Customizable with four different plug options
  • 25-ft cable with built-in cable management system
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 4)
  • Energy Star certified
  • Wi-Fi enabled with smartphone app
  • 23-ft cable
  • Adjustable from 16 to 50 amps
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Energy Star certified
  • Programmable Smart delay of 2/4/6/8 hours
  • 14-ft and 20-ft cable options
  • LED status indicator lights
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 3R)
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • 18-ft and 25-ft cable options
  • LED status indicator lights
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 3R)
  • Built-in thermal regulation safety feature

The Complete Guide to Electric Car Charger Costs for Fleets

Learn about electric car charger costs, charging networks, and the basics of installing EV chargers for your fleet.

When evaluating electric vehicles (EVs) for your fleet, one of the first considerations is charging—cost, availability, and timing. On average, the cost to charge an electric car is 3.5x less per mile compared to the cost to fuel a gas-powered car. While the cost of charging varies by location and time of day, electricity are more stable than gas prices.

EVs in a fleet can choose whether to use public or private charging networks. The U.S. public EV charging network has approximately 47,000 level 2 and DC fast chargers combined—about 6,500 of those are DC fast chargers, found on this interactive map. Both public and private charger quantities are rapidly growing—from 2015 to 2020, the number of charging stations grew by over 100%, and in 2021 alone the total amount of charging stations increased by 55%.

All-electric, battery-powered vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) both use EV chargers but have different charging times as PHEVs have smaller batteries and thus, faster charging times. This guide will FOCUS on the basics of EV charging based on charger type, location, and time of use.

Types of electric vehicle chargers

There are three types of EV chargers—Level 1, 2, and 3— that use two types of power: Alternating Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC). The main difference between AC and DC power is charging speed.

EV batteries only accept DC power—Level 1 and 2 chargers distribute AC power, so the conversion to DC power occurs inside the EV battery, leading to slower charging times. Level 3, or DC fast chargers, convert AC to DC power inside the charging station, not the vehicle’s battery, for the fastest charging times.

40 hours to charge BEV from empty

AC power; slowest charger; standard for home charging

charging, station, infrastructure, costs, breakdown, vehicle

4-10 hours to charge BEV from empty

AC power; most commonly found at commercial or public charging stations

20-60 minutes to charge BEV from empty

DC power; also known as DC fast chargers, DCFC, or superchargers; needed for MHD vehicle charging

Calculating EV fleet charging costs

Several factors contribute to the cost of charging such as battery size, cost of electricity, and location of the charging station. Despite these factors influencing the price range of charging, the average cost to fill up a tank of gas is still around 350% more.

Battery size

The first, and constant, charge factor is battery size. The smaller the battery’s kilowatt-hour (kWh) capacity, the less energy it will need to reach a full charge. From there, the battery size, calculated in kWh, is multiplied by the cost of energy which averages 0.10 per kWh in the U.S. You can roughly calculate the cost to charge your EV with this equation: Battery capacity kWh × cost per kWh = charging cost

For example, the battery size for a Tesla Model S is 100kWh so the cost to charge from empty, on average, is 10.

Time of use

The next factor is time-of-use (TOU) where early-bird, peak, and off-peak hours affect pricing. While TOU hours can vary per electricity provider, they typically fall into these timeframes:

  • Early-bird hours are from 12 a.m. to 8 a.m. and have the lowest cost.
  • Peak hours are from 4 p.m. to 9 p.m. and have the highest cost.
  • Off-peak hours are from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. and 9 p.m. to 12 a.m. and fall in between early-bird and peak hour pricing.

Both demand and energy supply affect pricing in each TOU window. During early-bird hours when demand is the lowest, electricity rates mirror this with the lowest rates. During peak hours when solar energy is decreasing but demand is high, the cost of electricity is the highest. During off-peak hours when solar energy is most plentiful or demand is decreasing, electricity rates are not as costly as with peak hours.

Location: private vs. public stations

Another major factor in charging cost is location. Charging via private stations, like at a fleet depot or at home, will yield closest to the charging cost calculation above. Public charging stations, like those in retail or commercial parking lots, will average higher rates with more variability. Some public charging networks, like EVgo. have rolled out monthly subscriptions where members receive better rates than non-members, while other providers charge per minute of use instead of by kWh consumed. State and metropolitan area also affect rates—for example, Los Angeles has some of the most expensive electricity rates in the U.S.

Type of charger

Using DC fast chargers, or superchargers, will be more expensive than level 2 chargers since DC fast chargers require more energy. A common strategy for optimized cost and timing is to charge your EV to 80% with a level 2 charger, followed by a supercharger for the remaining 20%.

Installation costs of EV charging stations

EV charging costs can be unpredictable on the road, leading fleets to install their own charging systems and infrastructure. Charger level and quantity are the primary cost variables when purchasing charging stations.

Type of chargers

  • Level 1: These chargers are used for residential charging and are not suitable for commercial fleets as they are slow and can overload circuits.
  • Level 2: The cost of installation ranges from 1,200 to 6,000 per charger. Level 2 chargers are suitable for light-duty trucks and passenger vehicles in a fleet.
  • Level 3 (DCFC): The cost of installation ranges from 30,000 to 80,000 per charger. Level 3 chargers are required for medium- and heavy-duty fleet vehicles.

Number of chargers

Most level 2 chargers will complete a charge in about six hours—one charger per vehicle is often recommended for fleet depots that house light-duty EVs overnight. The recommended number of DC fast chargers at fleet depots will vary depending on your EV needs—maybe a few superchargers are needed to charge light-duty vehicles quickly during the day, or maybe your fleet is starting to roll out heavy-duty EVs and requires one DCFC per vehicle.

Charging station rebates and incentives

Similar to purchasing electric vehicles, there are tax credits and rebates available for purchasing charging stations. The current federal tax credit, Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit. covers up to 30,000 or 30% of installation costs of EV charging stations.

Local government incentives are widely available as well— Charge Ahead Colorado offers grants up to 80% of installation costs for all levels of chargers, while California’s CALeVIP program grants up to 80,000 per commercially installed DCFC. Tax incentives by state can be found on AFDC.

Other cost factors

  • Solar power: Fleet facilities can install solar panels at their depots to offset or even cover the electricity costs their vehicles consume. There are additional costs to installing solar panels but most providers will assist you with ROI calculations.
  • Networked vs. non-networked chargers: Networked chargers have built-in software and Wi-Fi to provide usage data, diagnose problems, balance peak-time loads, and more, while non-networked chargers are less expensive by only providing electricity without internet capabilities.

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