EV Charging. Ev charging point cost

EV Charging

The EV Purchasing Cooperative Program is highlighting EVADC’s EV Charger of the Week videos to show residents where public EV charging stations are located around Montgomery County and how to use them. Check back each week for new EV charger videos! Watch YouTube Playlist

EVs are powered by batteries that must be recharged from an electric source. Compared to gasoline, electricity is more affordable and cost-steady. In Montgomery County, powering your vehicle from the electric grid reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 70-75% compared to an internal combustion vehicle.

There are many ways to charge an electric vehicle. The most convenient way to charge your EV is at home. Charging is also available at workplaces, retail locations, parks, highway rest areas, and parking garages throughout our region. This page will help you understand the different ways to charge, how long it takes, where to find public charging, and how to install EV charging equipment at your property.

Level 1 Chargers

  • Level 1 Chargers use standard 120V outlets, which are found around the home and used by most home electronics. Every EV can be charged at Level 1.- in most cases, the adapter is included with the vehicle. Level 1 charging supplies about 5 miles of range for every 1 hour of charging. Charging overnight provides 40 miles of range, which is enough for most typical drivers. Fully charging on Level 1 can take a day or longer.

Level 2 Chargers

  • Level 2 Chargers use 240V circuits. 240V outlets are sometimes found in homes for use with certain dryers and stovetops – if not available in your home, you can hire an electrician to install one. Level 2 charging supplies about 25 miles of range for every hour of charge. This type of charging equipment is commonly found in shopping centers, public parking garages, recreational areas, apartment buildings, and many workplaces.

Level 3 Chargers

  • Level 3 Chargers, or Direct Current (DC) Fast Chargers (aka DCFC) use high-powered 480V circuits for Rapid EV charging. DCFCs are only found at public charging stations and can supply about 40 miles of charge in 10 minutes.

Networked EV Chargers

Networked, or “Smart chargers,” are connected through remote Cloud technology and can be operated through a mobile app. Users can remotely monitor their charging status, control the charging duration, make payments, set reminders, schedule charging, track energy usage, etc.

Non-Networked chargers are solitary functioning units and cannot track charging data or other operational data. Due to their simplicity, they are often inexpensive.

EV Charging Safety and Best Practices

According to the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), EVs are safe to charge at your home or business when operated correctly with certified charging equipment. FEMA provides EV charging safety tips in this article.

Data compiled from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and from Recalls.gov shows that electric vehicles are less likely to catch fire than gas-powered vehicles. EV battery fires have occurred when the battery becomes damaged or punctured, which can result in fires that last longer and require more resources to extinguish than other car fires.

charging, point, cost

EV batteries can last 10-20 years or up to 300,000 miles if they are maintained well. To maximize the life and performance of your battery:

  • ​Try to usually keep the charge level between 20-80% and moderately charge your vehicle every 2-3 days.
  • Avoid depleting the battery entirely and only charge to 100% before taking a long-range trip. You can use automatic features to limit the total charge to 90%.
  • Avoid daily use of DC fast charging, which places more strain on the battery.

Find EV Charging in Montgomery County

There are over 500 charging plugs open to the public in Montgomery County, including 100 DC Fast Chargers. Twenty-two (22) conveniently located EV charging stations are available at parking facilities in downtown Bethesda, Silver Spring and Wheaton. Maps of those locations are available from the Division of Parking Management. Local utilities have also installed charging at parks and other public facilities.

Check the Department of Energy Alternative Fuels Data Center or charging station location services such as Plugshare to find an EV charger near you.

Install EV Charging

Montgomery County is ready to support residents and businesses who want to install charging stations on their property. You will need an electrical permit from Montgomery County to complete your project. Please see these resources for guidance on the permitting process for residents and commercial entities.

Home Charging

Charging at home is one of the biggest benefits of EVs. In fact, over 90% of EV drivers regularly charge their vehicles at home. Download our At-Home EV Charging Guide for information to get started.

Technical Requirements Charge at home by plugging the manufacturer-provided Level 1 charging cable into a standard 120V outlet or install a Level 2 charger on a 240V circuit. You will need 30-50 amps capacity in your panel box.

A licensed electrician can evaluate your current electrical system and advise if you need to upgrade your panel or need additional wiring. Equipment and installation costs 1,500 on average for a Level 2 system, but costs can vary widely depending on the electrical work needed.

Permitting Apply for a residential electrical permit from the Department of Permitting Services to install a Level 2 charging station for your garage or driveway.

Curbside Right-of-Way Charging Residents without off-street parking have the option to apply for a right-of-way permit to install curbside charging equipment in the public right-of-way. The homeowner is responsible for arranging and paying for equipment and installation. Residents may not reserve a parking space on the public street in front of the charging station or take payment for charging, but you may lock the charging equipment or use automatic features to control access. Multiple property owners may coordinate to install one or more shared EV chargers on the street to share costs and use of the charging infrastructure.

Choosing Equipment and Installer There are multiple equipment suppliers and installers to choose from. When selecting equipment, check eligibility requirements for utility incentive programs. Equipment vendors or your electric utility may be able to connect you to installer partners. Always work with a licensed electrical contractor.

EV Charging for Apartments, Condos, and Townhomes

EV charging is a valuable amenity for apartments and common ownership communities, providing residents with cost savings and convenience. Simplify your multifamily EV charging project by following these steps:

  • Survey residents to understand current and future demand for EV charging. Visit VCI-MUD.org for survey templates and other resources.
  • Conduct a site review with a licensed electrician to design your project and select your equipment.
  • Contact the Montgomery County Green Bank for low-interest financing and technical assistance.
  • Contact your electric utility for incentives and power needs.
  • Apply for a commercial building permit and electrical permit and follow all regulations and best practices for accessibility.
  • Create guidelines and educate residents about best practices to make the most of your shared resource.

The average cost for equipment and installation for commercial EV charging is around 6,000 per station. Costs can vary significantly based on the amount of electrical work needed.

The webinar below provides information and recommendations from the Departments of Environmental Protection and Permitting Services, the Commission on Common Ownership Communities, Pepco, the Montgomery County Green Bank, and Clarksburg Condominium II Association.

Commercial Properties

Workplaces are ideal locations for convenient and affordable EV charging. Both Level 1 and Level 2 charging are useful for employees that leave their vehicle parked for the workday. Charging access can be limited to employees or available to visitors and can be provided for free or can be set up to require payment. Visit the Alternative Fuels Data Center for more information about workplace charging.

Retail locations can also attract visitors by installing charging. Charging during a meal or shopping trip can be a great way to keep your EV battery topped up.

Installing commercial charging requires both a building permit and electrical permit. Contact the Montgomery County Green Bank for low-cost financing and technical resources. If your business is located in one of the County’s Transportation Management Districts, there may be additional resources and requirements for EV charging.

Incentives for EVSE

There are a number of incentive and financing programs to help residents, multifamily property owners, and businesses install charging:

Montgomery County’s Green Bank offers financing for EV charging stations for commercial, property owners, and residents in Montgomery County.

Maryland Energy Administration offers incentives for EV supply equipment, but funding for this program was exhausted as of December 2022. New funding may be available beginning July 1, 2023. Visit MEA’s website for the current programs that support EVs throughout Maryland.

Electric utilities servicing Montgomery County offer incentives for EV charging as well. Check your utility’s website for the current availability of these programs.

  • Pepco’s EVSmart Program provides Maryland residential customers with residential charger rebates, special Time-of-Use discounted rates for off-peak charging and a managed charging program that gives the utility some control over your EV charger. Pepco also offers incentives for commercial multifamily customers and provides charging discounts for commercial fleets.
  • Potomac Edison’s EV Driven Program gives residential and multifamily property charging rebates on qualifying EV charging stations, as well as off-peak charging rewards.
  • BGE’s EVSmart Program offers incentives on residential chargers, multifamily property chargers, and a special Time-of-Use (TOU) discounted rate for off-peak EV charging

Contact Us

Have a specific question about EVs that’s not covered here? Contact us at AskDEP@MontgomeryCountyMD.gov.

How much does an electric car charging station cost?

Installing an electric car charging station costs 750 to 2,600 on average for a Level 2 charger and labor. Home EV charging stations cost 350 to 900 alone, and labor costs 400 to 1,700 to install. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, not including the Tesla Wall Connector at 500.

0 – 2,600 average total cost (charger installation)

Installing an electric car charging station costs 750 to 2,600 on average for a Level 2 charger and labor. Home EV charging stations cost 350 to 900 alone, and labor costs 400 to 1,700 to install. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, not including the Tesla Wall Connector at 500.

Electric Car Charging Station Installation Cost

An electric car charging station installation costs 750 to 2,600 for a Level 2 charger, 240-volt outlet, wiring, and wall mounting. Some EV charger installations cost 2,000 to 5,000 for extensive wiring or if the electrical panel needs upgrading. Tesla charger installation costs 1,000 to 1,700 total.

Electric Car Charging Station Installation Cost

Item Average Cost
Charging Station 350 – 900
Installation Labor 400 – 1,700
Total Cost To Install 750 – 2,600

Quick Facts

  • Level 2 home charging stations fill an EV’s battery 4x to 6x faster than a standard electrical wall outlet.
  • Charging an electric vehicle at home costs 3 to 8 per fill-up vs. 7 to 36 at public charging stations.
  • Charging an average of 30 miles per night increases an electric bill by 25 to 35 per month.
  • Charging stations are eligible for a federal 30% tax credit for purchase and installation costs, up to 1,000.
  • Many utility companies provide rebates of up to 50% on the purchase and installation of Level 2 home charging stations.

Average Cost to Install Vehicle Charging Station

The following is the average cost for a Level 2 charging station and installing a 240v outlet, wiring, and wall mounting.

Home EV Charging Station Cost

National Average Cost 1,200
Minimum Cost 400
Maximum Cost 5,000
Average Range 750 to 2,600

Electric Car Charging Station Cost

Electric car charging stations cost 350 to 900 on average for a Level 2 home charger, not including installation. EV charging stations cost 550 to 2,000 with higher amps for faster charging or dual vehicle support.

Electric Car Charging Station Cost

Factor Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Price 80 – 180 160 – 2,000 10,000 – 40,000
Amps 12 – 16 16 – 80 80 – 400
Volts 120 240 200 – 600
kW 1.4 – 1.9 2 – 19.4 20 – 240
Charge Per Hour 2 – 5 Miles 10 – 40 Miles 100 – 300 Miles

not including installation.

  • Level 1 chargers use a standard 120V household outlet that is common in garages, but provides slow charging speeds.
  • Level 2 charging stations require a 240V outlet and circuit like an electric stove or dryer uses.
  • Level 3, known as DC Fast Charging stations, charge up to 10x faster than Level 2 stations and are for commercial use.

Level 1 EV Charger (120-Volt)

A Level 1 EV charger costs 80 to 180, but is typically replaced for free with the vehicle’s warranty. EVs come with a Level 1 charger that uses a standard 120-volt outlet. Level 1 trickle chargers only deliver 2 to 5 miles per hour of charging and take 8 to 25 hours to fill an EV battery.

Level 1 EV Charger Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 80 – 180
Installation Labor 0 – 150
Charging Time 8 – 25 hours
Miles Charged Per Hour 2 – 5

Requires installing a new outlet if the existing outlet is more than 25 feet away.

Level 2 Charging Station Cost (240-Volt)

A 240-volt Level 2 charging station costs 350 to 900 on average. The labor cost to install a Level 2 charger is 400 to 1,700.

Level 2 EV chargers fully charge an EV battery in 4 to 10 hours and include app monitoring, thermal regulation, and programmable scheduling.

Level 2 Charging Station Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 160 – 2,000
Installation Labor 400 – 1,700
Charging Time 4 – 10 hours
Miles Charged Per Hour 10 –40

Requires installing a dedicated 240-volt circuit that handles 30, 40, or 50 amps.

Level 3 Charging Station Cost (DC Fast)

A Level 3 charging station costs 10,000 to 40,000. The average labor cost to install a Level 3 DC Fast charging station is 4,000 to 50,000.

Level 3 charging stations are reserved for public and commercial networks and charge an EV battery to full in 30 to 60 minutes.

Level 3 Charging Station Cost

Factor Amount
Charging Station 10,000 – 40,000
Installation Labor 4,000 – 50,000
Charging Time 30 – 60 minutes
Miles Charged Per Hour 150 – 300

Charging Station Considerations

An EV charging station is a type of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) that comes in many styles and options. Before buying a charging station, consider the following:

  • Portability – Hardwired Level 2 charging stations are permanently fixed to the wall, while plug-in units are portable.
  • Wi-Fi Enabled – Wi-Fi-enabled units have app monitoring and scheduling, and are eligible for utility provider rebates by sharing charger data.
  • Outlet Location Cord Length – Longer cables allow maneuvering around the vehicle or charging the car while parked in the driveway.
  • Indoor vs. Outdoor Rating – EV charging stations are rated NEMA 3, 4, or 6 to indicate their weather and water resistance. NEMA 3 chargers are suitable for indoor garage use. NEMA 4 or 6 chargers have higher weatherproofing for use indoors or outdoors.
  • Future-Proofing – Plan for future vehicle purchases by installing at least a 50-amp, 240-volt circuit for faster charging.
  • Dual Charging Powersharing – Homes with two electric vehicles need a dual charging station or two separate stations. Models with a powershare feature automatically balance the electricity load from two chargers on one circuit.
  • Maintenance Warranty – EV charging stations include a limited 1- to 3-year parts and labor warranty, depending on the brand and model.

Modifications performed by unauthorized service providers will void the charger’s warranty.

Tesla Charger Installation Cost

A Tesla Wall Connector home charger costs 500, without installation. Tesla charger installation costs 500 to 1,200, including adding a new circuit.

NEMA adapters cost 35 to 45 and allow Teslas to plug into other Level 2 EV chargers.

Tesla Charger Installation Cost

Item Average Cost
Wall Connector Charger 500
Home Charger Installation 500 – 1,200
Cable Organizer 35
NEMA Adapters (To charge at non-Tesla stations) 35 – 45
  • Tesla Wall Connectors are Wi-Fi enabled, charge up to 44 miles of range per hour (up to 20X faster than a standard outlet), and are compatible with the Model S, Model X, and Model 3.
  • The Tesla Mobile Connector is a Level-1 charger included with a new Tesla for use with standard 120-volt household outlets.

Tesla Supercharger Costs

Tesla Supercharger charging stations cost 0.28 per kWh or from 0.13 to 0.26 per minute, depending on the location. A full recharge to 250 miles costs about 23.

Idle fees cost 0.50 to 1.00 per minute to any car occupying a Supercharger once the charge session is complete.

Tesla Supercharger Costs

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.28
Per Minute (Below 60 kW) 0.13
Per Minute (Above 60 kW) 0.26
Full Recharge (250 Miles) 23
  • Some locations charge per kWh (kilowatts per hour) while others use per-minute pricing. Specific locations offer on-peak and off-peak rates.
  • In urban areas, Superchargers deliver 72 kW of power with an average charging session lasting 45 to 50 minutes. Limited V3 Superchargers deliver 250 kW and cut charging times in half.

Home EV Charger Installation Costs

EV charger installation costs depend on the distance between the electrical panel and the charging station, the electrical panel’s capacity, wall mounting the charger, if trenching is required around the home or to a detached garage, and permits.

  • If existing service panel has a 240-volt circuit available, can handle the EV load, and installation is within 5 feet of panel
  • No wall mounting
  • Install new 240v outlet and circuit
  • Run 50-amp dedicated wiring
  • Mount the station
  • Installing new service panel, 240v outlet, wiring, and mounting the station
  • Or if extensive wiring is required to reach the station
  • Or to trench and run conduits around the home or to a detached garage

Installation costs only. Does not include charging station.

Electrician Costs To Install EV Charger

Electrical work is the biggest cost factor when installing an EV charging station. Many older homes require electrical upgrades to supply enough power to the station.

Electrician Costs To Install EV Charger

Factor Average Cost
Labor Charges for Electrician 40 – 100 per hour
50-Amp Outlet 240-Volt Circuit 300 – 800
Wiring 6 – 8 per foot
Trenching 4 – 12 per foot
Permit 50 – 200
200-Amp Electrical Panel Upgrade 1,800 – 2,500
  • Electrician – Electrician hourly rates are 50 to 130. Installing a Level 2 EV charging station requires a professional electrician to evaluate the existing electrical capacity and make any necessary upgrades.
  • Electrical Circuit Outlet – Installing a new 240-volt circuit and 50-amp outlet costs 300 to 800. Level 2 charging stations require adding a dedicated 240-volt circuit to the electrical panel. Plug-in models use a 30, 40, or 50-amp outlet wired to the circuit.
  • Wiring – New electrical wiring costs6 to 8 per linear foot to run wiring from the electrical panel to the wall where the EV charging station is installed.
  • Electrical Capacity – The cost to replace an electrical panel is 1,800 to 2,500 for a 200-amp panel. If the electrical panel doesn’t have the capacity to handle a new 240-volt circuit, the panel needs upgrading.
  • Underground Trenching – Trenching costs5 to 12 per linear foot, not including the wiring. Homes with a detached garage may need trenching to run conduit to the garage wall.
  • Garage Remodeling – Outdated, damaged, or old garages may need repairs and renovations that cost 1,000 to 5,000 on average. Building a new garage costs35 to 60 per square foot.

EV Charger Permits

An electrical permit costs 50 to 200 to install an EV charging station at home, depending on local requirements. Many utility companies offer rebates to cover the permit cost.

Additional Accessories

Additional charger accessories include a Wi-Fi booster, cable organizer, and pedestal mount.

EV Charging Station Accessories

Accessory Average Cost Description
Wi-Fi Signal Booster 20 – 80 Increases Wi-Fi range on supported units.
Cable Organizer 10 – 35 Built-in or mounted cable management system.
Pedestal Mount or Bollard 160 – 850 Outdoor mount for owners without a garage.

Costs of Setting Up An EV Charging Station

Setting up a Level 2 charger at home provides convenience and reliability, and saves up to 70% over public station rates and membership fees. A home charging station is always available and enables refilling the battery overnight and starting the day on a full charge.

Public vs Home Charger For Electric Car Cost

Metric Home Charger Public Station
Per kWh 0.11 – 0.21 0.28 – 0.79
Per Hour 0.50 – 1.50 1.50 – 6.00
Full Fill Up 3 – 8 7 – 36
Charger Installation 750 – 2,600 0
Monthly Membership 0 4 – 8
Availability Guaranteed Limited

Cost To Charge Electric Car

The average cost to charge an electric car is 0.03 to 0.04 per mile, 0.50 to 1.50 per hour, and between 3 and 8 for a full fill-up. An electric car raises your monthly electric bill by 25 to 35 for charging an average of 30 miles per night.

Cost To Charge Electric Car

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.11 – 0.21
Per Mile 0.03 – 0.04
Per Hour 0.50 – 1.50
Full Fill Up 3.00 – 8.00

Costs vary by state, utility company, type of electric vehicle, and time of day. New England areas have higher electricity costs, while states in the South are slightly lower than average.

Many utility companies offer time-of-use plans that allow cheaper electricity rates during off-peak hours or separate plans for household and EV charging.

Public EV Charging Stations Cost

The average cost of charging an electric car at a public station is 0.28 to 0.79 per kWh, from 1.50 to 3.60 per hour, or between 7 and 36 for a full charge. A charging membership costs 4 to 8 per month and typically saves 10% compared to pay-as-you-go pricing.

Public EV Charging Stations Cost

Metric Average Cost
Per kWh 0.28 – 0.79
Per Minute (Level 2) 0.03 – 0.10
Per Minute (Level 3 DC Fast Charging) 0.26 – 0.30
Per Hour (Standard) 1.50 – 6.00
Idle Fees Per Minute 0.40 – 1.30
Full Fill Up 7 – 36
Monthly Membership / Subscription 4 – 8
  • There are 30,000 public charging stations around the U.S. operated by charging networks like ChargePoint, EVgo, Blink, Electrify America, and Tesla. In comparison, there are 168,000 gas stations.
  • Most charging stations only provide Level 2 charging, while 20% offer Level 3 DC Fast Charging, which takes 30 to 60 minutes to charge fully.
  • Public stations charge an idling fee of 0.40 to 1.30 per minute for leaving a vehicle plugged in after the maximum allowed time or after the battery is fully charged.
  • Free charging stations are available in many parking garages, shopping centers, and office parks.
  • Apps like PlugShare and ChargeHub help EV drivers find nearby public charging stations across all networks.

Charging Station Tax Credit

Electric vehicle charging stations are eligible for a federal 30% tax credit for purchase and installation costs, up to 1,000 for residential and 30,000 for commercial. Electric car owners may also qualify for incentives offered by state and local governments and utility companies:

  • Rebates – Most utility companies provide rebates of up to 50% on the purchase and installation of Level 2 home charging stations. Wi-Fi enabled stations are more likely to be eligible because utility companies use the data to distribute electricity more efficiently.
  • Discounted Registration Title Fees – Some states provide EV buyers with discounts on sales tax, registration fees, and title fees.
  • Access to Carpool Lanes – Many states give EV owners access to high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes.
  • Discounted Parking – Some cities and local businesses offer free public parking for EVs.

The U.S. Department of Energy has a searchable database of incentives to help EV owners find rebates, tax credits, and utility incentives based on location.

Electric Car Charging Point Cost By Brand

An electric car charging point costs 350 to 900 on average, depending on the brand and features.

  • The best EV charging station brands are Juicebox Pro, Webasto TurboCord, ClipperCreek, and ChargePoint.
  • Top features include longer cables, fast charging, programmable scheduling, durability, and an outdoor rating.
  • Wi-Fi enabled with smartphone app
  • 25-ft cable
  • Security lock
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 4)
  • Quick-read status indicator lights
  • 15-ft, 20-ft, and 25-ft cable options
  • Hardwired and portable plug-in models available
  • Highest level of weatherproofing (NEMA 6P)
  • Built-in thermal regulation safety feature
  • Customizable with four different plug options
  • 25-ft cable with built-in cable management system
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 4)
  • Energy Star certified
  • Wi-Fi enabled with smartphone app
  • 23-ft cable
  • Adjustable from 16 to 50 amps
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Energy Star certified
  • Programmable Smart delay of 2/4/6/8 hours
  • 14-ft and 20-ft cable options
  • LED status indicator lights
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 3R)
  • Can be hardwired or plugged in
  • 18-ft and 25-ft cable options
  • LED status indicator lights
  • Rated for indoors and outdoors (NEMA 3R)
  • Built-in thermal regulation safety feature

How much does it cost to charge an electric car?

One of the main barriers slowing down the EV adoption worldwide is the overall lack of information about electric cars, specifically around cost and expenses that are associated with them. Although the ticket price for an electric car is higher in comparison to a petrol or diesel car with similar characteristics, after taking off the financial incentives that many nations have introduced in the past few years, the cars’ will be much closer to each other.

importantly, keeping an electric car with a fully charged battery will almost always be cheaper than filling up a tank with petrol.

The error most people make is thinking about charging an electric car with the same terms as filling a petrol car with gas. the differences are striking. To begin with, there are many more factors for EV drivers to think about, but that gives you power over your electric car and not the other way around. Where you charge, at what time and speed, as well as in what periods will matter and affect how little you can pay to charge an electric car.

And that’s not even considering the amount of options for free charging that exist these days. EV charging is inexpensive and simple with only a few new calculations and charging habits. So, how much does it cost to charge an electric car? Learn all the answers in our ultimate guide.

  • How to measure the cost per charge
  • Charger location matters
  • Charging an electric car at home
  • Additional costs for a home charging point
  • Tricky electricity tariffs
  • Best times for charging
  • Free charging options
  • Cost to charge

How to measure the cost per charge

To get an idea of how much it costs to charge an electric car, you need to look at how much energy an electric vehicle uses per mile and how much that energy costs at the time of charging.

If you are charging at a public station, whether using a public charge point in the city or at a motorway service station on the road, you will be able to see this information at the time you connect or plug to the station. The will be shown in a kilowatt / hour or per kWh fashion, as they always are when it comes to any kind of electricity usage.

If in contrast, you are using your own home station, then the price for electricity will be typically found on your bill in per kWh fashion.

Once you know how much the per kWh cost is, then all you need to do is multiply it by the amount of kW your electric car will take to fully charge the battery. that’s the final electricity cost.

For example, if your electric car has a battery of 60 kW and your home tariff for electricity costs is of about 17.5p per kWh, which is the average in the UK, then the price to charge your electric vehicle at home is £8.58.

To keep in mind

Of course, most of the time you won’t be refilling a battery completely from scratch, but the number from above is always a good starting point to get a better understanding of the cost to charge electric vehicles.

In most likelihood, you won’t be spending this much many times and the price for an essentially complete charge will be of around £7 instead.

Charger location matters

Where you charge your electric vehicle will have an impact on the final price you will pay to fill up your battery. Lucky for electric car owners, there is a number of places where you can charge your electric car, each of them with a specific series of pros and cons: public charging, motorway charging and home charging are all available and now more than ever at the reach of your hand.

Most people use only their home charging stations to refill their EVs. Even then, there are many still who depend on those Rapid chargers at work, or in motorway service stations during their frequent road trips, and others who even have the luxury of planning around those free public chargers and are able to save money.

That is why we will explain in depth how the cost per kWh for each different kind of charging points will vary and depend on a series of factors.

charging, point, cost

Charging an electric car at home

To charge an electric car at home will almost always be the cheapest way to get a fully charged car. Not only it is the cheapest but also the most convenient one: you will always know the cost to charge, will have control over availability and be able to manage it all in one of your smartphone apps.

This way, you plug in your car when you get back home from work, and next thing you know, you wake up to a fully charged car that is ready to go without you having to do any extra work. By being able to add your charges into the overall electricity consumed in your home, you can even pay all of it in one go.

Additional costs for a home charging point

You will have to face the cost of hiring a professional installer to set up a charge point at your home, with ranging from £300 to about £1000, as the home charging point you’ll most likely have will be a fast charger. These can fully charge an electric car battery in 4-6 hours.

To make the cost of owning your own home charging points more affordable and attractive, the UK government has established the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme. The Office of Zero Emission Vehicles, who offers this sheet, will cover up to 75% or 350£ of the running costs of buying and installing a charging point in your home. Learn more about the EVHS here.

Tricky electricity tariffs

Even then, keep in mind what kind of electricity tariff you have. Whether you will be highly benefited or at a disadvantage will vary depending on the type of deal you are working with. No matter what your tariff is actually like, a car like a Renault Zoe will only cost about £9.62 to get a full charge on one of the most expensive tariffs.

Best times for charging

A good rule of thumb is to pay close attention and take advantage of off-peak hours and their overall convenient pricing. Since these off peak-times are usually during the middle of the night when there is the least amount of demand, then are lower. With a Smart charging station, you can determine that your car should charge at times when the cost per kWh is at the lowest, making this one of the most cost-effective options.

When off peak charging is not possible for you, the second best option might be to charge during heavy electricity demand. This option will have a higher price, and you must keep in mind not to go overboard with your allotted amount of energy used in the house overall.

Taking advantage of public charging

Each and every day there is more accessibility to public charging points all throughout Europe. While the United Kingdom is still working on developing its charging infrastructure consisting of both Rapid charging and fast charging stations, the task of finding public points to charge an electric car are not nearly as difficult as it used to be.

The best part of it all, is that a public charger point can be found nearly anywhere these days. at shops like Tesco and Lidl, at shopping centres, in the middle of the street but also at car parks in workplaces, hotels and restaurants. just to mention a few. These charge points are also typically for fast charging.

In order to connect to these charge points you will need some sort of physical key, such as an RFID card, or a smartphone app that will work in the same way. identifying the drivers and the different cars that are trying to establish a connection to the charger.

Free charging options

Not to have to pay anything to charge your electric car seems like a dream, but it’s most definitely a reality. Many supermarkets like the chains mentioned earlier, have started offering free charging while you do your shopping there. Some shopping malls offer similar services as well.

To take advantage of these you will most likely have to download a specific app and use a certain kind of charge point, but won’t spend any money on electricity for your car. There’s no cheaper way.

Cost to charge

Typically, this will depend on whether you are subscribed to a charge point provider or you use a pay-as-you-go method.

With a provider type of subscriptions, you’ll pay some connection fees first, and then the rest per kWh. Typically the cost per kWh will range from 22p to 26p at a fast charger, and around 70p per kWh at a Rapid charger although vary according to subscriptions, types or chargers and more.

In general and only if you have time, then it is considered that fast chargers’ charging costs are more effective than Rapid chargers. This is especially true when it comes to the top up of a battery, as Rapid chargers charge at the same speed as a fast charger for the last 20% of a battery, but for a much higher cost.

Using charging points on the road

When EVs are on long road trips they have to be able to access charge points whenever they need. In these cases, EV charging has to happen almost no matter how much it costs to do so. So, similarly to when petrol or diesel cars are on the highway, charging points on motorways tend to have slightly higher costs. Although some fees have been removed with time, the cost per kWh is still a bit higher and public charging points are an overall cheaper option.

Motorway service stations usually sport a mix of both fast and Rapid charging for similar as public stations do. Meaning, that electric vehicles have the same two options as with public charging stations. Lucky for most electric car owner, these filling stations tend to have many more Rapid chargers to use and take advantage of.

Tesla vehicles

If you are a Tesla owner, then you should know that to charge a Tesla model made before or after 2017 will also change what you pay at their motorway superchargers. If your vehicle is from before 2017 then you can have free access to charging, and if it’s from after then you might get some hours for free at Tesla superstation and get charged 26p per kWh after that, making the costs still vastly cheaper than for any other station of a similar speed.

charging, point, cost

Keep in mind that Tesla charges idle fees for staying at one of their electric chargers after your battery is complete, or if you’re charging while more than 50% of their stations are occupied.

How much does it cost to charge per mile?

When you fill up a petrol or diesel car with fuel, you will be paying an average of £1.35 per litre. If the typical petrol car can drive 12.5 miles on one litre of fuel, and the average price per mile will be around 10.8p.

In comparison, electric cars with average sized batteries can drive for about 4 miles in one singe kWh. As we have said before, electric cost is close to about 17.5p per kWh. This means that each mile will cost about 4,37p.

Here, it is easy to see how electric cars are much more cost effective than those vehicles that drive on petrol. Each mile driven on an electric car costs less than half the price than those driven on fuel.

What Does a Level 3 Charger Cost?

Just like a new car, a charger for an electrical vehicle (EV) comes with features that affect price. There is no single answer to the question: What does a level 3 charger cost?

You can purchase a basic, inexpensive car. But additional features increase the price. Similarly, level 3 charging station costs range from 40,000 to 175,000 per unit.

It’s not just about the price tag, though. Level 3 chargers vary widely by capability. And, in many cases, your company can recoup the investment through the business value that EV charging provides to your customers, your employees, and your brand.

What Are Level 3 Chargers?

EV charging equipment is classified by how fast it replenishes an EV’s battery. Any charger that exceeds 25 miles of charge per hour is a level 3 charger.

Use of Direct Current

Level 3 chargers have the capability to convert alternating current from the grid to direct current (DC) for the battery to store. They’re more expensive than level 2 chargers due to this internal conversion capability.

Differences with Level 2 Chargers

Level 2 chargers rely on the EV to convert AC to DC, a much slower process and why level 2 chargers cost less: about 2,500 to 5,500 per unit.

Level 1 charging involves a regular 120-volt outlet and is appropriate for residential use.

Other Names for Level 3 Chargers

Level 3 chargers also are called direct-current fast chargers (or DC fast chargers or DCFC). In the US, more than 15% of public-facing EV charging ports are DC fast chargers, according to the Department of Energy.

How Do You Use Level 3 Chargers?

Level 3 charging runs off 480-volt power lines. Interestingly, the higher-capacity conduit, panels, and circuit breakers don’t add significant expense over what similar level 2 equipment would cost.

“Fueling” the Electric Vehicle

Similar to a gas pump, the driver inserts the charging cable into the port of the car. Depending on the make of the EV, the charging cord may require a connector to fit into the car’s charging socket.

Understanding Energy Use

Level 3 chargers can communicate in the Cloud through network software. Future Energy’s software solution, Interface, allows you to monitor and control all of your electrical use in real-time.

Storing Energy

Some level 3 chargers not only convert energy but also can store it. For example, a ChargePoint DCFC can cost in excess of 100,000, but it includes power blocks and other internal equipment that mitigate the need for a utility upgrade.

What Are the Cost Factors of Level 3 Chargers?

Future Energy recommends the installation of level 3 infrastructure even if your immediate plans call for the installation of level 2 chargers.

charging, point, cost

Power Output

Level 3 chargers have a wide range of power output, which affects cost. A charger that delivers up to 25 kilowatts of AC power is considered level 3. However, the top end of the power output extends up to about 500 kilowatts and delivers up to 200 miles of range in 30 minutes of charge.

Type of Connector

There are four types of connectors for level 3 chargers. Similar to different phone chargers for an iPhone or Android, these attachments fit into the EV’s charging socket.

CHAdeMO (pronounced “CHA-di-mo”): Developed by Japanese automakers seeking to form a global infrastructure of level 3 public EV charging stations, CHAdeMO is an abbreviation of CHArge de MOve.” The word loosely derives from the Japanese phrase “How about a cup of tea?”—a nod to how quickly a driver can charge an EV using a level 3 charger. The connector contains two large pins exclusively for DC charging.

SAE Combo (also called CCS, or “Combo Charging System”): The Society of Automotive Engineers created its own standard for fast charging. SAE CCS connectors support both level 3 fast charging and level 2 charging.

Tesla: Tesla offers a proprietary connector. Only Tesla EVs can use Tesla level 3 chargers, also called Superchargers.

GB/T: GB/T is the English equivalent of China’s Guobiao Standards. GB/T connectors are exclusively for level 3 charging in China.

OCPP Compliance

The Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) facilitates communication among EV charging stations and many software systems that help manage EV charging networks in the Cloud. In fact, OCPP has become the benchmark for interoperability for EV charging worldwide.

Software Integration

Beyond OCPP compliance, the features of level 3 charging station software also affect cost. These include incorporation of a touch screen or other services the software provides.

Warranty

The length and type of warranty also affects level 3 charger cost. The standard warranty is two years, but some chargers offer three-year warranties or guarantee the product up to a certain number of charging cycles.

What Are the Benefits of Installing Level 3 Chargers?

The real question surrounding level 3 charging station cost is not the price tag. Instead, the question is how the features of the level 3 charger you choose can enhance your business operations.

Rebates for Level 3 Chargers

The nationwide push toward EV adoption has unleashed numerous financial incentives for your business to install level 3 EV chargers.

In many cases, these incentives, rebates, and grants can cover 100% of your electric car charging station’s cost.

However, not all level 3 chargers are eligible for rebates. Future Energy can help you identify which equipment qualifies so that you don’t miss out on recouping some of your investment. In fact, Future Energy’s Financial Incentive National Database (FIND) tool instantly identifies every available financial opportunity for any Future Energy client nationwide.

Business Value of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

Because the market for EVs is so new, it’s important to think about benefits beyond purely a revenue-generating business model. Instead, public EV charging stations are a way to demonstrate your company culture and beliefs.

For example, you can offer level 3 charging as an employee benefit.

Brand Enhancement

Companies are beginning to see how offering level 3 EV charging enhances their reputation. Future Energy is working with an automotive maintenance company to install level 3 chargers at thousands of its locations in the Midwest. The company plans to offer complimentary charging with its automotive services.

These public EV charging stations show potential customers that this company is a forward-thinking leader in the burgeoning market. Beyond the attraction of additional customers, Future Energy is helping the company use the fast chargers to enhance its brand.

Who Can Help You Understand Level 3 Charger Cost?

The question of what a level 3 charger costs isn’t a simple answer. At Future Energy, we help you see beyond the monetary answer to unlock the business value of incorporating level 3 charging solutions into your operations. Contact us today to find out how your business can benefit.

Sam DiNello is Chief Executive Officer at Future Energy. He is an expert in the EV infrastructure space and passionate about innovative data-driven solutions that help companies access real-time intelligence for real-time action.

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