EV Charging Connector Types and Speeds. Universal electric car charger

EV Charging Connector Types and Speeds

A guide covering the different types of electric vehicle connectors and charging speeds.

Last updated: Dec 09, 2022 5 min read

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Summary

Similar to phone charging cables, car charging cables tend to have two connectors, one that plugs into the vehicle socket and the other into the chargepoint itself.

  • Electric vehicles either have a Type 1 or Type 2 socket for slow/fast charging and CHAdeMO or CCS for DC Rapid charging.
  • Most slow/fast chargepoints have a Type 2 socket. Occasionally they will have a cable attached instead. All DC Rapid charging stations have a cable attached with mostly a CHAdeMO and a CCS connector.
  • Most EV drivers purchase a portable charging cable that matches their vehicle’s Type 1 or Type 2 socket so that they can charge on public networks.

This guide is based on the UK and may not include complete information for all countries. With the exception of Tesla Model X and Model S vehicles to date, which use Type 2 connectors for DC rapids. Adapters that allow to charge these Tesla models via CHAdeMO or CCS connectors are available.

Vehicle side EV connector types

Electric car charging sockets plug into your vehicle and can be thought of the same as the phone-side charging connectors on your Apple or Android phone charging cable. Depending on which phone/car you have, different connectors will fit into your phone/car socket.

Slow Fast Charging

Typically used for top-up charging at home, work and destinations, there are two types of AC vehicle-side connectors.

  • 7-pins
  • Standard EU connector
  • Inbuilt locking mechanism
  • Can carry three phase power

Some models of Renault Zoe can draw 43kW, giving 145 miles of range per hour (for the Zoe, 43kW is classed as an en route Rapid charger).

Assumes 60kWh full battery electric vehicle (BEV) with a range of 200 miles.

Tip: Three-phase power is relatively rare in the UK. There are almost no three-phase power systems in homes, but there are some in a few larger commercial buildings. Most public chargepoints are single-phase 7kW devices.

Rapid Charging

Typically used for en route Rapid charging, there are three types of DC car-side connectors. Most DC Rapid charging stations will have cables with both a CHAdeMO and CCS connector attached so you will just have to choose which fits to your vehicle socket. To protect the battery, Rapid chargers do not consistently charge at their maximum power rating.

  • High power
  • Neat arrangement with 2 x ‘Type 2’ pins
  • Standard EU Rapid charging connector
  • Only Tesla Superchargers provide DC via a Type 2 connector

Assumes 60kWh full battery electric vehicle (BEV) with a range of 200 miles.

150kW CCS Rapid chargers will become very common, but across the UK most are still just 50kW.

A handful of 350kW CCS chargers exist, however it is not yet common place.

250kW Tesla Superchargers are starting to be rolled out.

Tip: To find out your car’s AC and DC sockets and maximum charging rates, you can visit our vehicle guides.

Chargepoint side electric car connector types

Typically used for top-up charging at home, work and destinations, there is really only one kind of chargepoint socket, though some might occasionally use a traditional 3-pin plug to charge from a wall socket as an emergency backup.

The Type 2 chargepoint socket is universal, and can be thought of in a similar way to the wall socket for charging iPhones or Android phones (i.e. the socket is the same for each, but the cable is specific to the car/phone type).

Slow Fast Chargers

The “Type 2” socket is the Europe-wide, universal socket for charging electric cars. You can charge any type of car from it, so long as you have the appropriate charging cable for your car. much the same as charging Apple or Android phones from a wall socket.

Approx. range per hour charging

7kW (single-phase)22kW (three-phase)

  • Universal connector that fits to all standard chargepoint sockets
  • Driver brings correct cable with them
  • Similar to wall plug for Smart phone charging

Assumes 60kWh battery electric vehicle (BEV).

Rapid Chargers

Most DC units have tethered cables with both CHAdeMO and CCS connectors that match the car-side sockets, so there are no chargepoint-side DC sockets.

FLO Home /h2>

An industry leader in speed and reliability, the FLO Home Level 2 EV charging stations power your vehicle’s battery 5x faster than a standard AC adapter.

We don’t just coast on our reputation. FLO works every day to build the best home Level 2 EV charging stations in the market.

High performance

Our Level 2 charging stations charge 5X faster than using a Level 1 charger. In fact, they recharge most battery electric vehicles (BEVs) in approximately 6-8 hours, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in 2-3 hours.

Robust reliable

Our chargers are protected by a durable, 3-mm thick aluminum case that’s designed to work from the frozen tundra of the arctic to the scorching heat of death valley. With FLO, you can charge your EV in the most extreme weather conditions with complete confidence.

Universal compatibility

Our stations work with nearly all BEVs and PHEV s on the market. But if you’d like to make sure your model works with FLO, you can check it here.

But wait, there’s more. Here are a few other ways our chargers provide the best experience on the market.

Smart features

When paired with the FLO app, you can schedule your charge, track energy usage, manage user access, and avoid peak energy rates. 1

Future-proof updates

FLO provides continuous automatic firmware updates to ensure that new vehicle makes models are always compatible. 1

Dynamic power sharing

Ready to add a second charger to your home? Our home EV stations are designed to pair and operate two FLO Home X5 stations from a single 40A breaker. This avoids costly electrical panel upgrades. 1

Built-in cable management

Our integrated cable holster makes it easy to keep the 25ft cable well in hand; no tripping or running it over with the wheels.

The FLO Home Level 2 station offers two models: G5 X5. Both offer the same great fast charging. Plus, the X5 provides enhanced Smart features for your charging experience.

Durable 100% aluminum case with a sleek design and built-in cable holster.

The X5 connects to our mobile app, offering Smart features that make scheduling and controlling your usage and access even easier.

Elegantly designed with Smart features to optimize your charging experience. Review your charging history, monitor energy consumption, and with Smart Scheduling you can program the time you charge and manage energy output, which will help you reduce energy cost – all from the easy to use FLO App.

We have partnered with Qmerit Installation Services to provide an easy one-stop shop for getting your charger installed by a certified electrician in your area.

Aurelio Sita

FLO Home Customer – 5-star rating

This home charger was recommended by my electrician. After doing my own research, I concurred. It is sturdy, easy to use and looks great. We’ve had a few very cold days and it functions like a charm.

Resellers and electrical contractors: You’ll find specification sheets and installation guides, by model, for FLO Home chargers right here.

FLO Home G5

Find all the information you need to make installing the FLO Home G5 seamless and easy. Please ensure a certified electrician is used for the installation for safety and eligibility to for available incentive programs.

FLO Home X5

Find all the information you need to make installing the FLO Home X5 seamless and easy. Please ensure a certified electrician is used for the installation for safety and eligibility to for available incentive programs.

Even home charger owners do as much as 20% of their charging on the road — sometimes when they need it most.

Rest assured, the FLO Network has you covered, with access to over 70,000 Level 2 DC Fast chargers across North America.

You can conveniently re-charge wherever you go, all from the easy-to-use FLO app.

Free delivery

Available for orders within Canada US.

3-Year warranty

We offer a comprehensive warranty for peace of mind.

Universal vehicle compatibility

Our chargers are tested and developed to work with most PHEVs BEVs on the market

24/7 customer support

We’re here to support you when you need it.

  • Smart Features and FLO app access available only on the FLO Home X5 model.
  • “Electric Vehicle Chargers.” Natural Resources Canada, 2021.
  • The FLO Network is proudly interoperable with our roaming partners BC Hydro (British Columbia), ChargePoint (Canada US), eCharge Network (New Brunswick), Electric Circuit (Quebec), and Shell Recharge Solutions (Canada US).

FLO operates one of the largest EV charging networks in North America for drivers to plug in wherever they are: at home, work or on the go.

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The Home Series

We make products that match design appeal with exceptional build quality and performance. Our chargers are made using only quality materials and with the help of some of the best software and mechanical engineers in the UK.

Our Home EV Chargers

Explore our range and find your perfect charger

Home 22 Plus

Scheduler function Lock function Tethered mode function Bluetooth Smart charging Wi-Fi Smart charging Home load management Simple no account Smart setup Free app

Scheduler function Lock function Tethered mode function Bluetooth Smart charging Wi-Fi Smart charging Simple no account Smart setup Free app Home Energy Manager compatible Home Load Management Solar charging compatible

Scheduler function Lock function Tethered mode function Bluetooth Smart charging Wi-Fi Smart charging Simple no account Smart setup Free app Home Energy Manager compatible Home Load Management Solar charging compatible

When purchased with the Home Energy Manager

Our entry level, single phase 7kW charger. The Home 7 offers incredible build quality and a range of Smart features delivered in a compact, understated design. The Home 7 is smaller than a sheet of A4 paper.

Materials Finishes Grey Composite Cap Durable Metal Front (3 colours)

  • Scheduler function
  • Lock function
  • Tethered Mode function
  • Bluetooth Smart Charging
  • Wi-Fi Smart Charging
  • Home load management
  • S-PEN technology
  • No user account required
  • Free app
  • 3 years warranty
  • No need for earth rod

The Home 7 Plus offers everything you get with the Home 7 and a bit more. Solar charge and automatically load balance energy between the charger and your home. And synchronise with agile tariff and dual tariffs to suit your wallet. Customise colours and finishes from a classic British design palette. Our most popular charger.

Choice of up to 107 colour combinations.

Materials Metal or sustainable Wood Lid (4 colours) Durable Metal Front (14 colours)

  • Scheduler function
  • Lock function
  • Tethered Mode function
  • Bluetooth Smart Charging
  • Wi-Fi Smart Charging
  • S-PEN technology
  • No user account required
  • Seamlessly works with SP Home Energy Manager
  • Home load management
  • Solar charging compatible
  • Courtesy Lights
  • Free app
  • 3 years warranty
  • No need for earth rod

When purchased with Home Energy Manager

The most powerful charger in the range, the Home 22 Plus can deliver a 22kW charge when connected to a three-phase power supply. You can also use the charger with a single-phase power supply. All that power is housed in a unit with the same sleek design and compact dimensions as the other chargers in the Simpson Partner’s Home range.

charging, connector, types, speeds

Choice of up to 107 colour combinations.

Materials Metal or sustainable Wood Lid (4 colours) Durable Metal Front (14 colours)

charging, connector, types, speeds
  • Scheduler function
  • Lock function
  • Tethered Mode function
  • Bluetooth Smart Charging
  • Wi-Fi Smart Charging
  • S-PEN technology
  • No user account required
  • Seamlessly works with SP Home Energy Manager
  • Home load management
  • Solar charging compatible
  • Courtesy Lights
  • Free app
  • 3 years warranty
  • No need for earth rod

When purchased with Home Energy Manager

Quality made by experts

We are a family run business, based in the Cotswolds. We only create products that we would be proud to display in our home. Once you’ve experienced the quality of a Simpson Partners charger, we’re confident you’ll feel the same.

Features

Safety

Our S1 processor chip goes beyond the regulations. Microsecond response times.

Durability

Accoya is weatherproof – it doesn’t rot. Modified timber that exceeds the damproof qualities of most hardwoods. Find out more

Easy to Use

Our intuitive Simpson Partner app makes it easy to set charging schedules. It’s free and simple to use.

Quik Connect

Our EV chargers are easy and secure to set up. We’ve designed a unique Quik Connect Bluetooth set up system to get you charging in no time.

Which EV charger is right for me?

Model chooser matrix Home 7kW Basic Home 7kW Plus Home 22kW Plus
High quality metal front with 3 colour options
Grey plastic cap
High quality metal front with 13 colour options
Luxury metal or wood cap with 8 colour options
Untethered type 2 socket
Tethered option with 6.8m eflex ultra flexible cable
Courtesy socket lighting
Up to 7 kW charging
Up to 22 kW charging
Mobile app
Bluetooth Wi-Fi connectvity
Advanced PEN protection
Wired home load management
Wireless Smart home system compatibility
Solar charging

See inside our technology

Why are we showing you this? Why should you care? An EV charger is known as a fixed appliance. It pulls a load of energy. So safety is paramount. Our tech isn’t shelf bought and then cobbled together in a dusty warehouse. We design every track, connector, PCB and specify the intimate details of our electronic boards. So I suppose it’s our way of showing you that we know our electronics. And pay a lot of attention to the details.

EVs are easy, but there are some key details you need to understand when it comes to charging connectors.

This article comes to us courtesy of EVANNEX, which makes and sells aftermarket Tesla accessories. The opinions expressed therein are not necessarily our own at InsideEVs, nor have we been paid by EVANNEX to publish these articles. We find the company’s perspective as an aftermarket supplier of Tesla accessories interesting and are happy to share its content free of charge. Enjoy!

Posted on EVANNEX October 06, 2021 by Matt Pressman

There are four types of electric car charging plugs in North America. Each plug is compatible with different electric vehicles as well as capable of providing a certain amount of power. Just like how the iPhone has one plug and Android phones have another, the same goes for electric vehicles.

Above: Model S charging at a Tesla Supercharger (Flickr: Jakob Harter)

Knowing which plug your EV can accept is critically important — not all charging stations provide all the different types of electric car plugs. That said, Tesla recently started co-locating some of its charging stations for more optionality. And, sometimes, you can find charging stations with multiple charging options available on-site. Shell Recharge stations offer different charging options — much like you’d get different fuel options at the same gas pump.

Even though the prospect of multi-purpose charging stations will make it easier to find the perfect solution for your specific electric car, there are still many charging stations that have only one type of charger available. Needless to say, this is still quite common.

So let’s learn more about these different types of electric car plugs in the North American market. First, we’ll look at the three fast-charging plugs (see chart above) as these represent the more desirable option for most. After that, we can look at a more common (albeit slow) charging plug as oftentimes charging speed might not be a big issue for you.

TESLA

Since there was not a standard plug when Tesla first began selling their EVs, Tesla had to create their own plug, which is commonly referred to as the Tesla plug. Unlike the other plugs, the Tesla plug is capable of Level 1, Level 2, and Direct Current Fast Charging (DCFC), which some people unofficially label as Level 3 charging.

The Tesla plug is proprietary to only Tesla vehicles, therefore, no other EV may use a Tesla Supercharger. As mentioned previously, Tesla will eventually open up their private DCFC network, known as the Supercharger Network, to other electric cars.

This could be done in a number of ways such as a Tesla/CCS adapter, CCS plugs added to the chargers, or abandonment of the Tesla plug to favor the J1772 and CCS plugs (highly unlikely). How Tesla will accomplish this remains to be determined.

charging, connector, types, speeds

In the interim, there is one workaround for non-Tesla EVs to use a Tesla plug. This adapter is quite popular with non-Tesla EV owners looking to use Tesla’s extensive Destination Charger network. However, this adapter is limited to just Level 1 and Level 2 charging stations — it does not work with Superchargers.

Tesla Supercharger stations, where currently only Tesla vehicles can use the plug, can provide charging power of 250 kW, which can speed up charging sessions to under 30 minutes.

One public charging network, EVgo, has recently started providing Tesla plugs at their DCFC stations. These chargers have one CCS plug and one Tesla plug in an attempt to provide the correct plug for any new EV regardless of manufacturer.

In some locations, Tesla has installed Urban Superchargers. These are just like Superchargers, however, power is limited to around 75 kW. And like any other Tesla charging solution, the Urban Superchargers are outfitted with the proprietary Tesla plug.

CCS COMBO

Another electric car plug type is the CCS (Combined Charging Standard) Combo. As hinted, this plug is the universal standard plug for Direct Current Fast Charging (DCFC).

Level 3 charging is the fastest way to charge an electric car. With power up to 350 kW, DCFC can provide an 80% charge in around 30 minutes. This is (oftentimes) the preferred method of charging while on a long road trip for non-Tesla owners.

Above: The CCS Combo plug (Source: Charged Future)

The “combo” in CCS Combo gets its name from using a few of the pins from the J1772 port. Therefore, the CCS plug requires little additional hardware from a J1772 port.

Just about every new electric car has a CCS port. The exceptions are most plug-in hybrids since they have gas as a backup. Tesla, as noted above, uses their proprietary plug in favor of CCS.

The CCS Combo plug is only found at DCFC stations. Due to the high power output, these charging stations are only at public areas and cannot be installed in residential buildings. Popular charging networks with the CCS plugs include Electrify America, Chargepoint, and EVgo.

CHADEMO

Another electric car plug is known as ChaDeMO. This plug is for DCFC only — just like the CCS plug. Unlike the others, this plug is on its way out. In the early 2010s, this plug became highly popularized with the success of the Nissan Leaf. However, over time, more and more automakers have shifted towards CCS plugs as the DCFC port.

As of today, the ChaDeMO port is only found in two EVs — the Nissan Leaf and the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV. As you may have noticed, these two car makers are Japanese. The ChaDeMO plug is still widely popular in Japan. For North America, the standard public DCFC plug is now CCS.

Above: The ChaDeMo plug (Source: Charged Future)

Unlike the CCS plug, all ChaDeMO chargers are limited to 50 kW. In the early 2010s, this was an acceptable charging speed, however, as the technology advanced, chargers became quicker and quicker. Unfortunately, ChaDeMO chargers did not.

While there are still thousands of ChaDeMO charging stations in operation, they’re soon to become the minority as CCS and Tesla plugs dominate the DCFC market for new installations.

charging, connector, types, speeds

Fortunately for Tesla drivers, there are Tesla/ChaDeMO adapters. While these do cost a few hundred dollars, they do allow Tesla drivers to DCFC at non-Tesla charging stations albeit at slower speeds.

J1172

The J1772 is the most popular electric car plug for Level 1 and Level 2 charging. While the name is hard to remember, the plug is the standard for every non-Tesla EV made today.

All electric cars are capable of charging with a J1772 plug. The one caveat is all Tesla vehicles will need an additional adapter to charge with a J1772 — these usually come standard with the purchase of a Tesla.

Above: The J1772 plug (Source: Charged Future)

Through the J1772 plug, EV drivers can expect around 1.5 to 10 kW charging depending on Level 1 or Level 2 charging. In other words, drivers can expect to charge at a rate of 4 to 40 miles per hour.

As such, Level 1 and Level 2 charging is the typical way EV drivers charge their car overnight. The J1772 plug comes standard with every home EV charger.

Level 1 chargers come standard with the new EV, however, for faster Level 2 charging, a separate purchase is typically required. Some EVs sold today also come with a Level 2 charger, however, that is not always the case. Level 2 home EV chargers typically cost around 400 to 700. Popular home EV chargers include the Enel X Juicebox Pro, Clipper Creek HCS-40, Grizzl-E EV Charger, and the high-tech premium WallBox Pulsar Plus.

See These Articles For EV Charging Education:

Author Bio: Darya Oreizi is the founder at Charged Future: the EV charging consultancy. Charged Future helps businesses implement and achieve EV charging goals. Oreizi works with businesses as an EV charging project manager looking to save both time and money for his clients. This includes searching and applying to all eligible rebate applications, which can typically cover a large portion of the project cost. (Edited by Matt Pressman at EVANNEX)

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