Ev charger voltage. Ev charger voltage

The Difference Between Level 2 and 3 Charging?

If you’re in the market for an electric vehicle (EV), or you’re looking to upgrade your EV charger to improve charging efficiency, understanding the difference between Level 2 and Level 3 EV chargers is a great place to start.

Each of these chargers greatly influences the time required to charge your EV and poses some major considerations around installation and whether they are available in a commercial setting.

So, if you’re looking to get a better understanding of which charger is best for you or you’re looking to optimize your EV charging practices, this comprehensive break-down of Level 1 (L1), Level 2 (L2), and Level 3 (L3) chargers is the perfect place to start.

Level 2 vs. Level 3 EV Charging: What’s Right for You?

Let’s start with the question you’re most likely here to answer, Which EV charger is right for you? To answer this question depends on a handful of factors such as your daily driving habits, your preference in public vs commercial charging, whether you drive a hybrid or fully electric vehicle and some other key factors.

Before digging into this question in more detail, let’s give a cursory overview of each charger.

The Level 1 charger – Also known as the trickle charger, the Level 1 charger delivers the lowest range per hour charging specs providing somewhere between 3-5 miles of range per hour. That said, the Level 1 charger is a great fit for hybrid vehicles, non-daily drivers, or drivers that only drive their EVs around 40 miles per day. At the end of the day, Level 1 chargers are going to be great as a first

The Level 2 charger – The Level 2 charger is the most common charger for household charging as it uses the common 240-volt appliance outlet and can easily fully charge an EV in 6-10 hours. In fact, per a study from evadoption “79.7% of the 48,472 installed public charging stations are Level 2 and 14.9% are DC fast-charging stations, nearly 3 times the percentage of Level 1 charging stations (5%).” This makes the Level 2 charger the most popular charger by far, for most EV drivers. Keep in mind this charger may require installation for outdoor use, so it may be useful to consult with a professional.

The Level 3 charger – Also known as the supercharger, the Level 3 charger is strictly only available for commercial use and can’t be installed in the home. The reason for this is the charging delivery mechanism of the Level 3 charger. The Level 3 charger delivers 480 volts via direct current (DC), whereas Level 1 and 2 chargers deliver charge via alternating current (AC). And unfortunately, today’s homes can’t be configured to deliver 480 volts of direct current.

Why Different Levels for EV Charging Stations?

The variance in EV chargers may seem pretty straightforward — different voltage tiers offer speedier charging — however, why then is there a use case for different charging stations? If Level 3 chargers provide the fastest charging times, one would think that all chargers would be Level 3 chargers, right? Interestingly, it’s Level 2 chargers that are the most ubiquitous. Let’s explore why.

Level 1, 2, and 3 Stations

Just like the standardization for EV chargers, there are Level 1, 2, and 3 charging stations that can be found in a commercial setting for on-the-go charging. To better understand the unique differences between Level 1, 2, and 3 stations, let’s take a look at each in more detail.

Level 1 Stations

Level 1 charging stations, of course, make use of Level 1 chargers. Today, it’s actually quite uncommon to find a Level 1 charging station in a commercial setting, as it’s quickly being replaced by Level 2 and Level 3 charging stations. Since the Level 1 charging station is known to be quite slow, more and more EV drivers are opting for a Level 2 or Level 3 charging station – especially while out and about when charging time is important. This, in turn, has incentivized charger manufacturers and businesses to install more Level 2 and Level 3 charging stations.

Level 2 Vs. Level 3 Stations

Since Level 1 charging stations are becoming obsolete, we’re now seeing a majority of Level 2 and Level 3 charging stations commercially. It’s important to note that both Level 2 and Level 3 charging stations can be installed in a commercial setting, however, Level 3 charging stations are only available via a commercial station and cannot be installed in the home. And to fully understand why this is so, requires some deeper working knowledge of how Level 2 and Level 3 chargers operate.

Level 2 Chargers

The Level 2 charger delivers 240-volts AC, speeding up charging times from three-five miles of range per hour seen in the Level 1 charger to 12 to 80 miles of range per hour!

One consideration for EV owners looking to upgrade to the 240-volt charger is the installation requirement. To use a Level 2 charger in the home requires a special installation using a 240-volt supply commonly used for appliances such as a washer-dryer, refrigerator, or oven.

Level 2 Charger technical specs:

  • Rated at 240 volts
  • Delivers up to 80 amps of power
  • 12-80 miles of range per hour

Level 3 Chargers

The Level 3 charger commonly known as direct current (DC) fast charging, delivers 480 volts which can charge most EVs to 80% capacity in as little as 30 minutes. Although the Level 3 charger is the faster charger among the standard EV chargers, there are some considerations an EV owner should take into account when considering Level 3 charging.

The Level 3 charger is only available as a public charger making it a great choice for on-the-go charging. Today, there are a handful of EV charger maps that can help you find the Level 3 charger that is most convenient for you. Keep in mind that there is some debate over long-term wear and tear on your EV battery due to consistent Level 3 charging, so you may want to consult your EV manufacturer before frequent and extended Level 3 charging.

So, for EV owners looking to make use of the Level 3 charger, they’ll have to make use of commercially available Level 3 chargers.

Lastly, Level 3 charging degrades the battery faster than AC chargers since it applies such a high current so rapidly. This results in increased battery temperatures accelerating battery strain and degradation.

Level 3 Charger technical specs:

Which One is For Me?

The best way to answer this question is to ask some key questions about driving and charging habits and to assess some of the pros and cons of each charger. To help you in this process, we’ve listed out some key questions to ask when assessing which charger to use.

charger, voltage

Do you drive long distances in between charges?

If you’ve answered yes to this question, you may want to consider using a Level 3 charger for a quick 30-minute charge before completing your ride.

Conversely, if you only use your EV for a short daily commute to work, you may never need to use a Level 3 charger based on your daily driving habits.

Do you have the ability to install a Level 2 charger in your home?

Yes. Through our platform, we offer access to a network of electricians who can perform an at-home consultation to discuss your home’s individual electrical needs and provide you with a comprehensive, no-obligation quote. Once the quote is approved, your provider will come back to perform the installation.

Do you have access to free public Level 3 charging?

If you qualify for free Level 3 charging either through your manufacturer or employer, it may be advantageous to charge your EV via a free public charger over home charging. Since you could avoid paying for charging altogether, this could save you thousands of dollars a year in EV charging!

As noted, there are also some key pros and cons to consider between the Level 2 charger and the Level 3 charger.

Level 2 Charging Pros:

Level 2 Charging Cons:

  • Must be installed, does not plug into a standard 120-volt outline
  • Requires a 240-volt outlet

Level 3 Charging Pros:

Level 3 Charging Cons:

  • Cannot be installed in the home
  • Can degrade a battery more quickly than Level 1 and 2 chargers

EV Charging with EV Connect

EV Connec t is a popular EV charging app that enables drivers to easily locate and access EV charging stations, assess if EV charging stations are available, and pay for EV charging. While a recent study released by Plug In America ( PIA ) found that upwards of 90% of EV drivers charge at home, still a large percentage of drivers make use of in-city EV charging stations to charge on the go or support long-distance trips.

Which Levels of Charging Are Available for Public Charging?

When looking for a public charger in most big cities you’ll really only have to decide between using a Level 2 charger and a Level 3 charger. The reason for this is Level 1 chargers simply aren’t in enough demand compared to both Level 2 and Level 3, making these public charging stations obsolete. Take, for instance, the popular platform ChargerHub that allows individuals to search for charging stations within their city. In nearly all cases, only Level 2 and Level 3 chargers are available.

Level 2 Public Chargers

By far the most common public charging station you’ll come across is a Level 2 charging station. Today, you’ll find a myriad of different charging station brands including Blink, ChargePoint, EVgo, and the infamous Tesla chargers/superchargers. In fact, in most cities, these Level 2 chargers outnumber Level 3 chargers by five, even ten times depending on the city.

Level 3 Public Chargers

Today, Level 3 chargers are commonplace in any major city, and even many smaller cities around the country offer Level 3 chargers. A quick search of a platform like ChargerHub will verify if there is a Level 3 charger in your city, and show its location. Our suggestion is to search for Level 3 chargers in your city prior to making a big purchase on an EV! You don’t want to overly assume you can depend on quick on-the-go charging before verifying you have access to these types of chargers.

Choosing the Right Level of Public Charging for Your Electric Car

When deciding which public charger is best for you, it really comes down to charging speed, cost, and proximity. First and foremost, keep in mind that Level 2 charging is going to be significantly slower than Level 3. So, if you have the luxury of charging while at work a Level 2 charger may work perfectly fine. However, if you’re in a rush, you may want to opt for the Level 3 charger.

Another consideration is cost. Level 2 chargers typically charge by the hour whereas Level 3 chargers charge by the minute. However, when you break down the cost per kWh (kilowatt-hour) Level 2 charging is most commonly cheaper than Level 3 charging, this does however depend on the EV charger vendor.

Home Charging and Workplace Charging

Have access to a workplace charger? You may be in for some serious savings. However, before you jump to treating workplace chagrin as your primary method of charging there are some considerations to take into account.

Of course, with home charging, you’ll always be on the hook to pay for electricity to charge your EV. There are several platforms out there that will automate charging schedules to optimize when your EV is being charged. However, at the end of the day, independent of the level of savings, you’re still looking to spend on energy each year to charge your EV.

Unlike home charging, workplace charging can pose the major benefit of free charging (depending on how your employer has set up their on-premise EV charger)

Pros and Cons

At the end of the day, there are a few considerations one should take into account when developing a charging strategy that makes use of both home and workplace charging. We’ve listed out some of the common pros and cons associated with home and workplace EV charging to help you along your EV charging journey.

Home Charging Pros:

  • Nearly always available (unless someone else is chagrin or you encounter a power outage
  • Can build a routine around nightly charging

Home Charging Cons:

  • Does raise your electricity bill
  • Can require installation of a 240-volt Level 2 charger

Workplace Charging Pros:

  • Can be free! (Depending on how your employer has set up the workplace charger)
  • A great option if you don’t want to set up home charging

Workplace Charging Cons:

  • Can be occupied by a coworker leaving you in a pickle if you are depending on that daily workplace charge
  • Days you’re not in the office require you to develop a different charging practice

Conclusion

Hopefully, this breakdown of the different chargers and charging stations you can leverage as an EV owner has been helpful. Be sure to check out our pieces on other EV-related topics.For any EV charger maintenance, repair, or installation, our easy-to-use platform connects you and your asset directly to a network of local, compliant, and certified service providers. Contact the team for additional information or a platform demo.

Understanding EV Charging Station Power Charging Time

Electric vehicle (EV) charging stations are becoming increasingly popular as the number of electric vehicles on the road continues to grow. If you are new to EV charging, you may be wondering what factors affect EV charging speed and efficiency. In this blog post, we will explore the basics of EV charging, how to select an EV charging station, and the factors that affect EV charging speed and efficiency. After reading this post, you will have a better understanding of EV charging power, charging time, and the miles of range per hour of charge for both level 2 and level 3 charging stations.

(Image Suggestion: A bright yellow EV charging station in the middle of a picturesque farmland with a sunrise in the background, representing the dawn of a new era in electric vehicle charging.)

What Is Electric Vehicle Charging?

Electric Vehicle Charging is quickly becoming a popular option for people who own electric vehicles. EV charging stations are convenient and easy to use, and they provide a way to charge your EV while you’re away from home or work. There are a variety of types of EV charging stations, and each one uses different types of connectors to send power to the car.

The speed at which an EV can be charged depends on the type of charging station that you’re using. Level 2 chargers can typically charge an EV in about three hours, while Level 3 chargers can do so in about half the time. The cost of charging an EV varies based on the type of charging station that you use, but they’re generally affordable.

There are several advantages to using electric vehicle charging stations over traditional gas stations. For one, EVs aren’t as reliant on fossil fuels, so they produce less carbon emissions than gasoline-powered cars. Additionally, electric vehicle charging stations are generally more secure than gas pumps – there’s no need to worry about someone robbing you while you’re filling up your tank!

Overall, electric vehicle charging is becoming increasingly popular due to its many benefits both environmentally and financially. If you own or plan on owning an electric vehicle, it’s important to have access to a reliable charger so that you can keep your car fully charged all the time!

How To Choose An EV Charging Station

When you’re deciding on an electric vehicle charger, one of the most important factors to consider is the voltage of your vehicle. Most electric vehicles use a range of 12-24 volts, which means that you will need a charger that can deliver this voltage. Additionally, you’ll need to understand the different levels of charging power available – typically, there are three levels: Level 1 (100-240 volts), Level 2 (240-480 volts), and Level 3 (above 480 volts).

When charging your car, it’s important to know how long it will take. Typically, it will take around four hours to charge a car at Level 1. If your electric vehicle requires faster charging, then you may want to consider looking into a portable charger instead.Level 2 chargers are usually more than enough for charging most electric vehicles, and they can charge your car in around two hours. Level 3 chargers are typically used for high-power electric vehicles such as SUVs or trucks, and they can charge your car in as little as 30 minutes.

If you’re not sure which level charger is right for you or if you just need a refresher on what each level offers, be sure to check out our handy charging guide below:.

Another important factor to consider when choosing an EV Charging Station is price and network availability near you. Currently, there are several different brands and models of EV Charging Stations available on the market, making it difficult to decide which one is best for you. To make things easier, we have compiled a list of the top five best EV Charging Station brands below.

Finally, one of the most important factors when choosing an EV Charging Station is the warranty and services provided by the manufacturer or retailer. Many companies provide free warranty repairs or replacements if something goes wrong with their product. In addition to warranties or services offered by manufacturers/retailers themselves, many networks also offer temporary discounts on their products if registered online beforehand. So don’t wait – start shopping today!

Factors Affecting EV Charging Speed Efficiency

There are a few factors that affect the charging speed and efficiency of electric vehicles (EVs). Understanding these factors will help you optimize your EV battery charging so that you get the most out of your charging experience.

When it comes to EV charging, power output is one of the most important factors to consider. Most EV charging stations use Level 2 or Level 3 technologies, which refer to the way that electricity is delivered to the car.

Level 1 sy stems use direct current (DC) and require a direct connection between the charger and the vehicle. This means that there is little flexibility in terms of how fast or efficient the charge can be, as well as how many cars can be charged at once.

Level 2 systems use alternating current (AC) and allow more than one charger to work simultaneously on a single circuit. This means that charging time can be faster, but it also means that each car will receive a slightly different charge rate due to variations in AC voltage.

Level 3 systems use both AC and DC simultaneously, which gives users more control over their charging experience but also increases electrical costs due to increased usage of power supplies.

Beyond power output, other factors such as battery size have an impact on how quickly and efficiently an EV can be charged. A larger battery will take longer to fully charge than a smaller battery, but it will also take longer for it to run out of juice while being driven – meaning that it will reach its full range sooner than a smaller battery would.

In addition, larger batteries tend to have higher energy density ratings – meaning they hold more electricity per unit volume than smaller batteries do. This makes them better suited for long-distance travel rather than shorter trips where frequent recharging is necessary.

Finally, knowing how long it takes your particular EV battery to charge using a given type of charger can help you optimize your charging experience by ensuring that you’re getting the most out of each charge cycle. There are various technologies available for measuring EV Charging Time – from simple timers built into some chargers themselves, all the way up to sophisticated software suites with multiple indicators showing different aspects of your charge progress over time.

To Sum Things Up

In conclusion, understanding EV charging power, charging time, and the miles of range per hour of charge is important for those looking to own or who currently own an electric vehicle. Knowing what type of charger will best suit your needs and the factors that affect its speed and efficiency can make all the difference when it comes to getting the most out of your EV charging experience. Additionally, researching different brands and models available on the market can help you find one that fits your needs perfectly. As electric vehicles continue to gain in popularity, gaining a better understanding of EV charging power will become increasingly important.

How EV Charging Really Works

Filling up your car with gas is straightforward: Liquid gasoline flows out of the pump and into the tank. The flow rate is linear, meaning the amount of gas flowing out of the pump stays the same over time. You’d be surprised if the pump blasted 10 gallons of gas into the tank in the first few minutes, then took 30 minutes to fill up the rest. However, electric vehicle (EV) charging is non-linear, meaning the rate of energy flow from the charger to your car’s battery is not constant.

Lithium-ion batteries are far more complex and delicate than a simple gas tank. Charge them too quickly and they can get too hot or even be damaged. Overcharge them and they’ll be damaged. Let them sit without charging or discharging and they’ll lose capacity. To prolong battery life, EV manufacturers develop charging routines, or “curves,” to manage the charging process in the most optimal way and retain capacity over time. Now let’s learn why lithium-based batteries need charging curves and how EV makers and charger makers work together to deliver them.

How does a lithium-ion battery work?

Very simply put, lithium-ion batteries store and release energy via a chemical reaction. During this reaction, lithium ions move from one electrode to the other through an electrolyte, either shedding or gaining electrons along the way. Run a current of electricity through the battery and it “charges.” Connect the terminals to a circuit and they discharge.

What are EV charging curves?

Charging and discharging lithium-ion batteries generates heat, and excessive heat can reduce long term battery life. Fast charging lithium-ion batteries is a delicate balance between speed and heat. Charge them too quickly and they’ll overheat. To keep batteries cool while charging them quickly, auto manufactures vary the amount of charge over time. Typically, fast charging has two phases, a constant current phase and a constant voltage or “topping charge” phase. During the constant current phase, the battery charges as fast as it can without overheating. You may have noticed that many EV manufacturers say their cars can fast charge from 20 to 80 percent in a short amount of time. That’s the constant current phase, which is the fastest in the charging cycle. After the constant current phase, the charger moves into the constant voltage phase, which is slower. Charging the EV battery from 80 to 90 percent may take as long as charging it from 40 to 80 percent. As the battery nears full charge, it’s critical to make sure it doesn’t overheat, thus charging is slower.

How do chargers talk to EVs?

Every EV has its own unique charging curve. When you plug your EV into a DC fast charger, it tells the charger how it needs to be charged. Your car constantly communicates with the charger, relaying information about the battery’s current state of charge. This communication is key to maintaining battery temperature during charging, and the overall health and longevity of your car’s lithium-ion battery. Tritium chargers use multiple communication standards to communicate with cars, including DIN SPEC 70121, ISO 15118, and CHAdeMO. Different cars use different standards, but manufacturers are working to create a more universal experience through a standard called Plug Charge.

With Plug Charge, there’s no need to enter payment information. Payment and/or charging network membership info is stored onboard in the car and is transmitted securely to the charger instantly. The system uses cryptographic tools to secure communications between the vehicle and the charging station, protecting the driver’s personal information, the vehicle’s systems that are “touched” during the charging process, and the charger itself from malicious attacks during the charging process. Plug Charge will make charging up your EV much faster, easier, and more convenient.

How do EV chargers convert grid power (AC) to battery power (DC)?

The power grid runs on alternating current (AC), but EVs use direct current (DC). Direct current does what it says: Flows in one direction directly. Alternating current flows in alternating directions, flip-flopping from one to the other, 50 or 60 times per second. AC is great for transmitting power over long distances, but it can’t be stored in a battery. To charge a battery, AC power needs to be changed into DC power. DC fast charger systems use something called a rectifier to transform AC power into DC power for charging. Rectifiers essentially redirect alternating current into a single-direction of flow—direct current. That DC current flows into the DC charger, which ensures the EV receives the right amount of power when it needs it.

If you’re considering an EV, you might want a home charger. To learn more about different charger types, check out our article on different levels of charging.

If you’re a business owner who’s interested in installing a DC fast charger, contact one of our experts today:

Levels of EV charging

Electric vehicle (EV) adoption is accelerating faster than experts predicted. This accelerated adoption results from government incentives, an increased choice of vehicles, increased public and private funding for EV adoption, and a cultural shift to greener and cleaner vehicles helping to push down harmful emissions. With the rise in EV adoption, it is essential to understand the different levels of EV charging and how these levels of charging can affect the type of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) you consider.

The Different Levels of EV Charging

There are three EV charging levels; Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3. There are differences between each charging level. However, as a general rule, the higher the Level, the higher the power output from the charger and the faster it can charge.

Level 1 EV Charging

Level 1 EV charging utilizes the slowest EV charger available, which provides between 1 kW and 1.8 kW of power through a standard 120-volt AC outlet. Level 1 EV charging is available in North America and uses a standard 3-prong household plug on one end and a J1772 (Type 1) EV connector on the other, which plugs into the vehicle. Level 1 chargers are unavailable in Europe due to standard residential electricity being 230-volt.

How Fast is a Level 1 EV Charger?

Level 1 is the slowest of the electric car charging levels and can take between 22-40 hours to fully charge a standard battery electric vehicle (BEV) from empty. An hour of charging with a Level 1 charger will give your EV between 3-7 miles (4-11 kilometers) of range. All Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Plug-in Hybrids (PHEV) can use a Level 1 EV charger, and they are usually provided free when purchasing the vehicle.

Level 1 EV chargers are almost always used at home as a trickle charger or as a backup when there are no Level 2 or Level 3 charging stations available. Unless you are charging your vehicle at home, a Level 1 EV charger is not very practical due to its slow charging speed.

EV Charging Level Connector Type Typical Output Power Estimated Charge Time (40kWh) Estimated Range Per Hour for Charging User case
Level 1 J1772 1 kW – 1.8 kW 22 – 40 hours 3 – 7 miles (4 – 11 kilometers) Home / Backup

Level 2 EV Charging

Level 2 EV charging is much faster than Level 1 and utilizes a 208-volt to 240-volt AC outlet in North America and a 230-volt (single-phase) or 400-volt (three-phase) outlet in Europe. In North America, Level 2 chargers top out at 19.2 kW (80A), and in Europe, it’s 22 kW. A Level 2 charger can come with various additional functions and features, such as RFID cards, load balancing, and OCCP (Open Charge Point Protocol) networking.

The EV connector type for North America and Japan is J1772 (Type 1); for Europe, it’s a Mennekes (Type 2) connector. Level 2 charging stations can be provided with tethered charging cables (hard-wired to the charging station) or untethered with just a socket (you plug in your charging cable). Currently, Level 2 EV charging is the most common level of EV charger installed globally. However, the installation of Level 3 chargers is growing.

How Fast is a Level 2 EV Charger?

A Level 2 charger can be as much as 19 times faster than a Level 1 charger, depending on the power output and the charge acceptance rate of the vehicle you are charging. An hour of charging with a Level 2 charger can provide a range between 10-75 miles (16-120 kilometers).

Level 2 charging is the most common type used in public charging stations. Level 2 charging equipment can be installed at the home, workplace, and in many public locations such as hotels, retail parks, and supermarkets. It is the ideal charging level for overnight charging or while at work.

EV Charging Level Connector Type Typical Output Power Estimated Charge Time (40kWh) Estimated Range Per Hour for Charging User case
Level 2 J1772 (North America)Mennekes (Europe) 3 kW – 22 kW 2 – 13 hours 10 – 75 miles (16 – 120 kilometers) Workplace, hotels, overnight charging

Level 1 EV charging and Level 2 EV charging are both defined as AC-type EV chargers. Before we move on to Level 3 EV charging it is important to understand the difference between AC-type EV chargers and DC-type EV chargers.

The Difference between AC and DC EV Charging

There are two types of electrical currents for EV charging: AC (Alternating Current) and DC (Direct Current).

The power that comes from the electricity grid is AC. However, the energy used for an electric vehicle is stored in its battery, and a battery holds its power in DC. The difference between AC-type EV charging and DC-type EV charging is where the AC power is converted to DC power.

In AC-type charging, the AC is converted in the vehicle by its on-board charger, which is time-consuming; however, with DC-type charging, the conversion takes place in the charging station before the power is delivered to the vehicle, and as a result, it can bypass the limitations of the electric vehicle’s on-board charger and deliver more power. This is what makes DC EV charging faster than AC EV charging.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at the fastest EV charger level – Level 3.

Level 3 EV Charging

Level 3 EV charging is also called DC fast charging and is significantly faster than Level 2 EV charging. Level 3 charging stations are the market’s quickest and most powerful EV charging options. A Level 3 charging station utilizes a three-phase supply, 480-volt in North America and 400-volt in Europe, with chargers capable of outputting over 360 kW of power.

A Level 3 charging station also comes with various functions and features, such as dynamic power distribution, multi-charging protocol cables, and networking via OCPP. There are stationary Level 3 chargers and portable Level 3 charging stations available.

CCS (Combine Charging System), CHAdeMO, and Tesla Superchargers (NACS) connectors are used for Level 3 EV charging.

Although Level 3 charging is often used in the industry today for all kW’s of DC fast charging, the origins of Level 3 charging technically refers to charging above 400 kW.

How Fast is a Level 3 EV Charger?

As mentioned earlier, a Level 3 charger converts AC to DC within the charger itself, resulting in faster power delivery directly to the EV battery. A Level 3 charger can fully charge a standard electric car in under 20 minutes, depending on its charge acceptance rate.

Level 3 EV chargers are often found at public service stations near highways as they are essential for use on longer journeys. There are several other locations where Level 3 EV charging is becoming more critical, including EV charging for fleets and auto dealerships. Any place where people park for short periods or the vehicle is in constant use – i.e., delivery vehicles.

EV Charging Level Connector Type Typical Output Power Estimated Charge Time Estimated Range Per Hour for Charging User case
Level 3 CCS 1 (North America)CCS 2 (Europe)CHAdeMO (Japan) 30 kW – 360 kW 15 mins – 1.5 hours depending on charge acceptance rate 120 – 1400 miles (193 – 2250 kilometers) Fleets, Car dealerships, highway services, logistics hubs, distribution centers

DC Fast Charging

Discover more about DC fast charging with this ultimate guide.

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