Canadian EV charging networks post double-digit growth since start of pandemic…

Public charging stations: what’s light got to do with it?

Lighting and EV charging: you rarely hear them mentioned in the same breath. But when it comes to public charging stations, light is far more important than you might realize.

A survey by McKinsey revealed that users were often dissatisfied with their public charging experiences. Why? One of their main concerns was a lack of safety. Without adequate visibility, many customers – especially women – may avoid charging stations after dark, which greatly limits their usability.

We’re here to shed some light on why visibility matters, and how FLO Ultra was engineered to solve these real-life challenges.

Taking electric vehicle charging safety seriously

EV charging stations are popping up everywhere: parking lots, rest stops, rural highways, you name it. Especially in remote areas, fast chargers are often used by people who are just passing through and who are unfamiliar with their surroundings. Many are also flying solo.

The problem is, these areas can be poorly lit at night, and many facilities lack lighting infrastructure. These factors combined may make users feel vulnerable. So we decided to take matters into our own hands.

FLO Ultra chargers have canopy lights built in, with one per port – that’s two canopies per charger, with each one working independently. Their ambient lights remain on at all times, and get brighter as users approach. These canopies give users two-way visibility: they can both see and be seen.

While developing FLO Ultra, we came across an untapped well of insights that further reinforced these changes: women’s perspectives on electric vehicle charging. Many said they would feel safer if charging stations were properly lit, and another survey revealed women were twice as likely to cite concerns about safety while charging in public as a reason not to get an EV.

Making it easier to find a charge

Like in all other areas of life, convenience is key. If public charging stations are well-lit, they’ll also be much easier for drivers to find, especially if they don’t have cell reception or GPS. FLO Ultra chargers have a canopy that’s high enough for drivers to spot from afar, even if something is hiding the body of the charging station.

We also took great care to strike a balance between visibility and environmental impact. Our lighting systems are dimmable to adapt to light pollution laws, so they don’t become a nuisance for people living nearby.

Building a more intuitive user experience

Whether it’s someone’s first time or hundredth time using a public charging station, it’s nice to be sure that things are in working order. Lights are a clear indicator that a charger is in service, and FLO Ultra includes a convenient light for the connector holster as well.

The holster and canopy are designed to interact with the user: they change color when successfully connected to the car, and pulsating lights help users navigate intuitively through the different charging steps.

If a station is set to be free for a period of time, then incorporates an idle fee, FLO Ultra’s lights notify drivers when they’re about to enter the pay period. They also indicate the state of charge to users if they’re nearby and don’t want to keep checking their phone for updates.

Protecting equipment from vandalism

Sadly, charging stations aren’t immune from vandalism – but there are different measures that can be used to limit risks. Like a safety light for your home, FLO Ultra’s motion sensor lights are a deterrent for graffiti, screen smashing, and cable cutting. Another method is using physical barriers, like the FLO SmartTwo curbside charging station, which keeps the connector locked up until it’s released for use.

Understand charge levels at a glance

FLO Ultra’s canopy lighting acts like the battery icon on a cell phone: the more bars it displays, the fuller the battery. This makes it easy for users to see whether a session is almost complete, and if they’re only going a short distance, they can unplug and hit the road before their battery is totally full. We also used industry-standard color codes to indicate charger status (green = available, blue = in use). This makes it easy for drivers to understand what’s available at first glance, even if they are new to FLO.

The EV charging industry is now at a point where we can start refining the user experience. Paying attention to game-changing details like lighting features is the next step towards boosting usership and adoption. Want to learn more about FLO Ultra, our upcoming fast charger? You can read all about it right here.

Canadian EV charging networks post double-digit growth since start of pandemic

You’re not just imagining it. There are more EV charging stations out there. Our latest tally of Canadian charging network deployments shows a 22 per cent increase in fast-charger installations since last March. Despite a rough 10 months, there are now fewer gaps in Canada’s EV infrastructure

Up next

Oakville’s main street EV charging network a model of integrated city planning in action

Luke Sarabia

  • AddÉnergie FLO,
  • British Columbia B.C.,
  • Canada’s EV Charging Networks Annual Reports,
  • ChargePoint,
  • Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure,
  • Electric Vehicle Charging Networks,
  • Electrify Canada,
  • Ivy Charging Network,
  • New Brunswick,
  • Newfoundland and Labrador,
  • Ontario,
  • Petro-Canada,
  • Public EV Charging,
  • Quebec,
  • SWTCH Energy,
  • Tesla Canada,
  • The Electric Circuit

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You’re not just imagining it. There are more EV charging stations out there. Our latest tally of Canadian charging network deployments shows a 22 per cent increase in fast-charger installations since last March. Despite a rough 10 months, there are now fewer gaps in Canada’s EV infrastructure

Last March, Electric Autonomy reported on the growth of Canada’s electric vehicle charging networks. Networks on both national and provincial levels were undertaking significant expansion projects, aiming to quickly shrink the gaps between areas where EV owners could drive with confidence.

Today, in early 2021, it’s clear that despite the widespread upheaval that characterized much of 2020, a good deal of that projected growth has been realized. Many networks continue to work towards bold plans for further expansion the rest of this year and beyond.

canadian, charging, networks, post, double-digit, growth

Through the start of this month, Natural Resources Canada data showed that there were 13,230 EV chargers at 6,016 public stations across the country. That was up almost 15 per cent from the 11,553 chargers at 4,993 stations we reported in March.

Significantly, 2,264 of those public chargers are DC fast chargers, which are capable of delivering full vehicle charges in less than an hour and sometimes in a matter of minutes. That number, which has risen by over 400 since March — a 22 per cent increase — is the most crucial for EV drivers with long distances in mind.

Level 2 chargers, which typically take a few hours to fully charge an EV, are also important as they allow drivers to charge while at destinations, such as workplaces, shopping malls, business districts and tourist attractions.

How do those charger totals break down by network? We’ve compiled the following roundup of the current installed based for every major provider — including a couple of newcomers — along with short summaries of recent highlights and future plans. Together, they are bringing Canada closer to a future free from range anxiety and putting EVs in reach for would-be buyers everywhere.

National Networks


  • DC Fast Charge: 988 chargers, 102 stations
  • Level 2: 1,653 chargers, 567 stations

While Tesla’s proprietary charging technology is currently only of use to those driving Teslas, that group represents a substantial portion of Canadian EV owners. Previously, Electric Autonomy reported that Tesla’s Model 3 was by far Canada’s best-selling EV through the first half of 2020, with 6,826 vehicles sold (over 5,000 more than the runner-up, Chevrolet’s Bolt).

Tesla’s overall network remains one of the nation’s most comprehensive. First established in a limited capacity between Toronto and Montreal in 2014, it now boasts hundreds of DC fast and Level 2 charging stations stretching from Vancouver Island to Halifax with no major gaps, and is absent only from the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

In late 2020, Tesla’s next generation V3 Superchargers started popping up across Canada making the country one of the first places to host the 250kW (at peak charge rates) stations.

A number of Tesla chargers have also been rolled out as part of Canadian Tire’s cross-country charging network, which the retail giant announced last January. Through a 5-million investment of its own and with 2.7 million from Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Tire planned to bring DC fast and Level 2 charging to 90 of its stores by the end of 2020. However, as of early February, due to COVID-related delays, it has just 46 sites, with 140 chargers, in operation. Electrify Canada and FLO will also supply chargers to Canadian Tire alongside Tesla as part of this venture.


FLO is one of the nation’s most comprehensive charging networks, with over 150 DC fast and thousands of Level 2 chargers operational across the country – not including their chargers in The Electric Circuit. FLO also has turnkey charging stations available for sale to businesses and consumers for private use.

FLO was able to add 582 stations to its public network through late 2020, 28 of which are DC fast chargers. That represents a growth rate of over 25 per cent; FLO recently told Electric Autonomy that it believes it can push that figure above 30 per cent in 2021, with the potential for 1,000 new public stations to be built across the country by 2022.

FLO’s parent company, AddEnergie, also announced in October, 2020 that it had secured 53 million in a financing plan and the money will be used to further accelerate the company’s North American FLO network expansion.

As mentioned above, FLO has also rolled out several chargers as part of Canadian Tire’s retail network.


  • DC Fast Charge: 148 chargers, 100 stations
  • Level 2: 2,000 chargers, 771 stations

ChargePoint is another of the major players in Canada’s EV charging landscape, and one of the few networks with chargers in all 10 provinces. As with FLO, ChargePoint provides charging solutions for fleets and private businesses in addition to their public charging network.

In September, ChargePoint announced it was going public after a deal with Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) Switchback, estimated to be worth 2.4 billion. In Canada, ChargePoint also announced a partnership with Volvo that will give purchasers of Volvo’s battery electric XC40 Recharge access to ChargePoint’s network across North America. The company will also supply a number of the chargers for the recently announced EcoCharge network, a collaboration between Earth Day Canada and IGA that will bring 100 DC fast charging stations to 50 IGA grocery stores in Quebec and New Brunswick.


  • DC Fast Charge: 105 chargers, 54 stations
  • Level 2: 2 chargers, 2 stations

In 2019, Petro-Canada’s “Electric Highway” became the first non-proprietary charging network to connect Canada from coast to coast when it unveiled its westernmost station in Victoria. Since then, it has added 13 fast charging stations as well as two Level 2 chargers.

The majority of the stations are located near the Trans-Canada highway, allowing for relatively simple access for those crossing any large stretch of the country.

Petro-Canada’s network has received partial funding from the federal government through Natural Resource Canada’s Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative. Petro-Canada’s network was granted 4.6 million; the same program funded Canadian Tire’s network with a 2.7-million investment.

Through the NRCan program, the federal government is investing 96.4 million in electric vehicle and hydrogen charging stations across the country. A separate NRCan initiative, the Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Program, is investing 130 million in the construction of chargers on streets, at workplaces and in multi-unit residential buildings between 2019 and 2024.

Electrify Canada

Electrify Canada, a subsidiary of Volkswagen Group, is making aggressive moves in the Canadian charging space with a speedy rollout since their first station in 2019. In 2020, the company opened eight new stations across Ontario and expanded into Alberta, British Columbia and Quebec with a further seven stations. Two more stations became operational in Quebec as of this February. Electrify Canada boasts one of the fastest charging speeds of all of Canada’s networks: between 150kW and 350kW. The company’s plans to open 38 stations by the end of 2020 were slowed by Covid-related shutdowns, but they remain committed to achieving their target.

Electrify Canada is the Canadian counterpart to Electrify America, which has installed over 1,500 fast chargers across the United States since 2016. For those who purchase Volkswagen’s 2020 e-Golf electric vehicle, two years of free 30-minute charging sessions from Electrify Canada stations are included.


  • DC Fast Charge: 63 chargers, 30 stations
  • Level 2: 7 chargers, 4 stations

Greenlots is a member of the Shell Group, and has a sizeable charging presence in the United States. In Canada, its fast chargers are mostly located in Ontario and British Columbia. Although Greenlots was founded over a decade ago, it only began installing public DC fast chargers in 2019, in Singapore, before expanding throughout Asia and North America.

SWTCH Energy

  • DC Fast Charge: 6 chargers, 3 stations
  • Level 2: 376 chargers, 372 stations

Toronto-based SWTCH Energy is quickly building a network of primarily Level 2 chargers across the country, with concentrated presences in Ontario and B.C. Of the total number installations to date, 244 of the Level 2 stations and all of the Level 3 stations were added in 2020.

canadian, charging, networks, post, double-digit, growth

Early in 2020, SWTCH received 1.1 million in funding from investors including IBI Group and Active Impact Investments. SWTCH plans to use that momentum to continue its expansion, with a plan to build 1,200 chargers in the next 18 to 24 months, 400 of which are expected within the year.

Provincial Networks

The Electric Circuit

The Electric Circuit (Le Circuit électrique), the public charging network founded by Hydro-Québec in 2012, is Canada’s most comprehensive provincial charging network (along with Quebec, several stations are in eastern Ontario). Quebec currently has the most electric vehicles of any Canadian province, an accomplishment that is owed no doubt in part to the province’s affordable hydroelectricity and early and robust leadership in charging infrastructure.

In 2019, Hydro-Québec announced its intention to build 1,600 new fast charge stations across the province over the next 10 years. Fifty-five new fast charging stations with a charging speed of 100kW were added to The Electric Circuit’s network since the beginning of 2020. The Electric Circuit has also recently rolled out a new mobile app which includes a trip planner, charger availability information and other features designed to make the charging experience more user-friendly.

Ivy Charging Network

Ontario’s Ivy Charging Network is one of the newer names in Canadian EV charging; its official launch came only a year ago, just weeks before the first COVID-19 shutdowns rocked Canada. A product of a partnership between Ontario Power Generation and Hydro One, Ivy received 8 million of funding from Natural Resources Canada through its Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative.

Ivy aims to develop a comprehensive network of “carefully selected” locations in Canada’s most populous province, each with convenient access to amenities, such as washrooms and refreshments.

It currently offers 100 DC fast chargers in 23 locations. Following that pattern of growth, Ivy has committed to bolstering its network to include 160 fast chargers at over 70 locations by the end of 2021, a size which would put it among Canada’s largest networks.

canadian, charging, networks, post, double-digit, growth

BC Hydro EV

British Columbia’s provincial network was established in 2013, and offers significant coverage connecting urban areas such as Vancouver to far less populated regions in the province’s interior, greatly simplifying long-distance drives. Prior to the pandemic, BC Hydro announced plans to expand its network in 2020 to include over 85 locations.

In 2021 BC Hydro is planning to FOCUS on installing only DC fast chargers with plans to add 12 news sites with dual fast chargers and upgrading a further 25 sites. By March 2022 the utility is planning to have 50 more DC fast chargers, bringing the network to almost 150 chargers spread over 80 sites.

Like Quebec, British Columbia has a long record of offering purchase rebates on electric vehicles. Not surprisingly, it has the highest rate of EV adoption of any Canadian province, making robust charging infrastructure crucial to support continued growth. BC Hydro has also done important work in pioneering the accessibility of EV charging, as Electric Autonomy reported last year.

eCharge Network

  • DC Fast Charge: 26 chargers, 26 stations
  • Level 2: 58 chargers, 43 stations

The eCharge Network was established in 2017 by New Brunswick Power with the aim of enabling EV drivers to travel the province with ease. With partial funding from Natural Resources Canada and the province of New Brunswick, those efforts have resulted in a charging corridor with an average of only 63 kilometres between each station, far below the average battery electric vehicle range.

NB Power recently told Electric Autonomy that while it has no current plans to add any additional fast chargers to its network, it continues to work to install more public Level 2 chargers at places of business and other locations across the province, two of which were built last year.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland is Canada’s fast-charging orphan no more. In December 2020, Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro broke ground on the first of the 14 charging stations that will make up the province’s public charging network. Built along the Trans-Canada Highway from Greater St. John’s to Port aux Basques, the network includes a mix of Level 2 and Level 3 charging outlets with 7.2kW and 62.5kW charging speeds, respectively. Off the highway there is also one station in Rocky Harbour (in Gros Morne National Park) to service the tourist site. The stations will be no more than 70 kilometres apart.

Last summer, Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro announced that the project would receive 770,000 in federal funding through Natural Resources Canada, as well as almost 1.3 million from the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The project is slated to be completed by early 2021. Currently only the Holyrood station is online, but the charging equipment for the remaining 13 sites is in place

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Additional information

FLO is an innovative company that makes chargers for all your electric vehicle needs. They have a wide variety of EVSE products, including ones designed to work with Audi e-tron and other major brands! FLO strives to provide customers with a product that they can rely on. Their warranty and certification ensures the safety of your investment, as confirmed by dozens upon reviews from satisfied users like you!

FLO has created home charging stations and extenders that are innovative and reliable. They’re priced affordably so that even beginners won’t have to break the bank when investing in one FLO product today!

They have many products in demand, and as such their brand appears on lists of the best electric car charge providers out there! Buying from this store will get you an unrivaled guarantee with your purchase- making it well worth checking them out if purchasing one of these units for yourself or perhaps even just interested parties around friends who may want something like yours too?

Guide On How To Charge Your Electric Car With Charging Stations

Electric cars (EVs) and plug-in hybrid vehicles are relatively new on the market and the fact that they use electricity to propel themselves means a new infrastructure has been put into place, one which few are familiar with. This is why we have created this useful guide to explain and clarify the different charging solutions used to charge an electric car.

In this EV charging guide, you’ll learn more about the 3 places where it’s possible to charge, the 3 different levels of charging available in North America, fast charging with superchargers, charging times, and connectors. You’ll also discover an essential tool for public charging, and useful links to answer all of your questions.

Before we get into those concepts, it is good to know the various terms used for charging stations. They usually all refer to the same thing.

  • Charging station
  • Charging outlet
  • Charging plug
  • Charging port
  • Charger
  • EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment)

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Electric Car Home Chargers

Home Charging Solutions: Level 1 Level 2

There are two types of home charging: level 1 charging and level 2 charging.

  • Level 1 charging happens when you charge an electric vehicle (EV) using the charger included with the car. These chargers can be plugged with one end into any standard 120V outlet, with the other end being plugged directly into the car. It can charge 200 kilometers (124 miles) in 20 hours.
  • Level 2 chargers are sold separately from the car, although they’re often purchased at the same time. These chargers require a slightly more complicated setup, as they are plugged into a 240V outlet which allows charging 3 to 7 times faster depending on the electric car and the charger. All of these chargers have an SAE J1772 connector and are available for online purchase in Canada and the USA. They usually have to be installed by an electrician. You can learn more about level 2 charging stations in this guide.

For every electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid, the use of a level 2 home charging station is recommended to help you charge faster and enjoy your EV’s full potential. Provincial and municipal incentives are available in some regions to help with purchase and installation costs. You can also check the following websites for more information.

  • Quebec incentives for electric car home chargers
  • British Columbia incentives for electric car home chargers (the program is temporarily suspended)
  • For the United States, we suggest you check your government website.

The pros of home charging

To enjoy all the benefits of charging at home, you need to use a level 2 home charger.

A fully charged battery in a few hours

A level 2 charger allows you to charge your electric car 5 to 7 times faster for a full-electric car or up to 3 times faster for a plug-in hybrid compared to a level 1 charger. This means you’ll be able to maximize the use of your EV and reduce stops to charge at public charging stations.

It takes around four hours to fully charge a 30-kWh battery car (standard battery for an electric car), which allows you to make the most out of driving your EV, especially when you have a limited time to charge.

Start Your Day Fully Charged

Home charging is normally done on evenings and at night. Just connect your charger to your electric car when you come home from work, and you’ll be sure to have a fully charged battery the next morning. Most of the time, an EV’s range is enough for all your daily travel, meaning you won’t have to stop at public chargers for charging. At home, your electric car charges while you eat, play with the kids, watch TV, and sleep!

Save Big on Charging Costs

  • In Quebec, it is about 30% less expensive to charge at home than at a public charger and 6 times less expensive to drive 100 km (62 miles) on electricity than on gas.
  • In Ontario, it is roughly 65% less expensive to charge at home than at a public charger and 5 times less expensive to drive 100 km (62 miles) on electricity than on gas.
  • In British Columbia, it is roughly 30% cheaper to charge at home than at a public charger and 5 times less expensive to drive 100 km (62 miles) on electricity than on gas.
  • In the United States, it all depends on the price of electricity and gas. You have to compare the consumption of electricity in kWh/100 miles of the EV multiplied by the cost of the kWh vs. the consumption of gallons/100 miles of the gas car multiplied by the price of a gallon of gas. That way, you will be able to quickly know how much you could save on your travel costs.

Electric Car Public Charging Stations

Public charging allows EV drivers to charge their electric cars on the road when they need to travel longer distances than allowed by their EV’s autonomy. These public chargers are often located near restaurants, shopping centers, parking spots, and such public spaces.

To locate them easily, we suggest you use ChargeHub’s charging stations map that is available on iOS, Android, and web browsers. The map lets you easily find every public charger in North America. You can also see most chargers’ status in real time, make itineraries, and more. We’ll be using our map in this guide to explain how the public charging works.

There are three main things to know about public charging: the 3 different levels of charging, the difference between connectors and the charging networks.

Charging Station Connectors

Charging Station Networks

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