2032 Battery equivalent 2025. What is the federal solar tax credit?

What are CR2032 Batteries?

The CR2032 battery is a non-rechargeable (primary) battery that is very common today. It is a coin-cell battery which utilizes lithium chemistry. These batteries are used in a wide range of applications and are available from many retailers. Most major battery brands like Duracell. Energizer. Panasonic. Philips, Maxell. Murata (formerly Sony), Renata. and others offer model(s) of the CR2032 battery; both as a bare cell and with different attachment options.

CR2032 Battery Nominal Voltage:

Operating Temperature:

Width (Diameter):

2032, battery, equivalent, 2025, federal

MicroBattery Pro-Tip (Understanding Lithium Coin Batteries): Lithium coin cell batteries are usually designated with a CR followed by a set of numbers. The C in CR lets you know the battery uses a lithium chemistry. The R lets you know that the battery is round in shape. The first two numbers let you know the diameter of the battery and the last two numbers tell you the height. So by following this, you can easily see that a CR2032 battery is a (C) lithium chemistry battery with a (R) round shape that has a diameter of (20) 20 millimeters and a height of (32) 3.2 millimeters. This applies to the majority of coin and button cell batteries but note there are some exceptions, like the CR2 or CR123A batteries which are considered lithium cylindrical batteries.

What Battery Is Equivalent To The CR2032 Battery?

The CR2032 battery is also known as the 5004LC, BR2032, CR2032, DL2032, ECR2032, KCR2032, and KECR2032 depending on the manufacturer. Other lithium coin cell batteries may have a similar voltage, diameter, or height as the CR2032 battery, but may not work in devices that require a CR2032. For example, a CR2016 has the same diameter and voltage as the CR2032, but has half the height and may not fit securely into the device you are trying to power. A CR1632 battery would have the same height and voltage of the CR2032 but would have a diameter that is 4mm too short to securely fit in the same device. It is important to understand the specifications of your device’s battery in order to get the best use out of the battery.

Battery storage life can depend on a variety of factors including material quality, storage conditions, storage time, humidity, physical damage, or temperature. Ideally you would want a battery made of high quality materials, stored in a climate controlled and dry area, with no physical damage. Energizer claims that their lithium coin cell batteries have up to 10 years of shelf life when properly stored. As far as service life this will depend greatly on the application. A CR2032 battery in a car key fob may last up to 4-5 years before needing replacement as the use of the battery is very intermittent. A more active device such as the new Apple Air Tag which allows constant tracking of objects will only last about a year.

What Uses a CR2032 Battery?

The CR2032 battery is used in a wide variety of devices and applications including computer motherboards, car key fobs, watches, calculators, PDAs, electronic organizers, garage door openers, toys, games, door chimes, pet collars, LED lights, sporting goods, pedometers, calorie counters, stopwatches and medical devices.

CR2032 batteries are extremely common and popular. This means that a wide variety of manufacturers make these batteries and a wide variety of retailers sell the battery. It is important to keep in mind that not all CR2032 batteries are created equal and that not all retailers have the same dedication to quality. To avoid low quality or worse, counterfeit batteries, it is important to only purchase your batteries from a highly reputable retailer that sells only the highest quality of brands.

Microbattery.com has been selling batteries online for over 25 Years and has one of the widest variety of batteries available, including all types of the CR2032 battery, from a variety of world-renowned manufacturers. For all your battery needs, please consider Microbattery.com and let them be your battery expert!

About Us:

Microbattery.com is the leading provider when it comes to Hearing Aid Batteries, Watch Batteries, Lithium Coin Cells, Lithium Batteries, Alkaline Batteries, and Rechargeable Batteries across North South America. We have the capability to meet the needs of all sizes of consumers, dealers, distributors and importers. For over 25 years, we have been striving to ensure high customer satisfaction and providing the best quality product possible. Ever since our online store was launched 15 years ago, we have been constantly improving optimizing our site to provide the most enjoyable and convenient shopping experience for our valued customers.

Our online store has one of the largest selections of various batteries and battery products for all types of electronic applications on the web. Our website is very easy to navigate to help ensure customers can find exactly what they need. All of our products are conveniently organized by category. They can be easily filtered by the category drop down located at the top of every page on our website. Alternatively customers can use the Battery Finder™ located on our homepage, to quickly and simply identify the exact batteries they need. If you require any assistance in determining what products are right for you please do not hesitate to give us a call at (305)-371-9200.

At Microbattery.com, you will find one of the largest selections of batteries on the web. We have millions of cells of common batteries like CR2025, CR2032, LR44, LR41, AA, and AAA in stock at all times. We also carry a wide variety of less common batteries such as CR2477, CR2016, Rechargeable Batteries, Radio Batteries, Telephone Batteries, and Pet Batteries. Regardless of your battery needs, we have got you covered. If you require a battery that we currently do not carry, please feel free to give us a call at (305)-371-9200 to place a special order (some restrictions apply).

Our customer base currently includes tens of thousands of satisfied consumers, various private companies, (local, state, federal, international) government agencies, military, institutions, wholesalers, and chain stores. Without hassle, we will ship your products worldwide, already having done so for over eighty-five countries.

Cr 2025 Vs 2032, are they interchangeable?

Cr 2025 Vs 2032, people look for this difference to ensure that either they can use one battery instead of the other. Specifically, it is possible to interchange one battery with another even though they have quite differences.

Mainly the thickness level and the capacity of 2032 will be a little higher than the 0225 battery. Also, this one will be more durable and less expensive than the 2025 battery. If one wants to interchange they will have to keep in mind certain things. Furthermore, one will have to look below for more information.

Cr 2025 Vs 2032

Both the CR 2025 and 2032 is non-rechargeable coin battery or button battery namely Lithium coin battery. Though they are of different types. They share so many similarities like the chemical bond of the batteries. over, they have quite a major difference. Mainly, these batteries are designed to power small devices like a watch, remotes, motherboards, or any other small electronic devices.

Before going into a depth discussion, one must know the meaning or feature of the batteries. The easy thing is the name of the battery says everything about it. Because the name of these two batteries described their features of them. If one cracks the meaning of the name they will understand the differences both the battery share.

If one looks at the name of the battery it states CR2025 and CR2031, here there is two letters and four number. If we demonstrate the name the letter indicates a different meaning so does the number. Let’s see the meaning of the name.

C= the C in the name indicates the Chemical Composite of the battery. That means which chemical is in the battery cell.

R= the second letter which is an R in the name indicates the shape of the battery. Since the letter is R, it indicates Round which means the battery will be round or circular.

Next, the number part of the name indicates the dimension of the battery. Specifically speaking, the first two numbers will indicate the diameter of the battery. Also, the last two numbers of the battery will indicate the depth of the battery.

In the first battery 20 means, the battery will be 20mm in diameter, and in the last part 25 means the battery will be 25mm in depth. Using the terms. One can easily demonstrate the physical differences among any batteries.

Now let’s have a look into the differences between both of the battery shares using a properly organized table.

Table: CR 2025 vs CR 2032

From the above discussion, we can state that both the battery has so many similarities along with differences. Specifically, the manufacturer designed the battery with the same diameter yet the main difference they put in the depth of the battery. Though they have the same diameter of 20mm they have different depths or thicknesses. While the CR2025 is 25mm in depth, the other one is 32mm in depth.

Significantly, this difference in depth is the origin of other major differences between these two. Mainly, the Wight of the batteries is no longer the same as well as the capacity. The CR2025 is smaller in depth so it is less in weight and electricity capacity.

On the other hand, the CR 2032 is more in-depth which means more space and more capacity. Which increases the weight as well as the electronic capacity. While this one can hold 235 mAh electricity in the 3gm weight, the other one can hold 170 mAh electricity in 2.6 gm weight. over, the CR 2032 will provide more durable and reliable performance yet it will be more expensive. However, the other battery will be more affordable but in service, it will be less than 2032.

Another eye-catchy similarity between these two batteries is the chemical cell. Both of them have Manganese Dioxide or lithium cell of 1% per year self-life discharge capability. over, the operating temperature of the batteries will be the same.

Are CR2025 and CR2032 interchangeable?

Well, the discussion is simple since we have already stated the main point above. As we know that to interchange two batteries the dimension of the battery and the voltage of it need to be the same. Here, the CR2025 and CR2032 are almost identical with the same dimension, voltage, chemical composition, and operational temperature. However, they only defer in thickness and the electric capacity which will not create any major issues in the process of interchange.

2032, battery, equivalent, 2025, federal

Therefore, one can use Cr2032 instead of CR 2025 and vice versa. However, in case one is for a durable option then they better go for the CR2032 over the other one and they should not change if they are using it.

What is the application of CR2032 and CR2025 batteries?

Normally, both the battery can be used in a small electrical device that does not require much energy. Both of them can be used in the same type of devices. However, the devices require more power and the lifespan is perfect for the CR2032 batteries. Because these will run longer providing electricity for more time than the other one.


Small or coin batteries are extremely important in our regular life. From morning to night we highly depend on the coin battery in our regular life. Mainly people look for the coin battery for their car’s key fob. The most common type of battery Cr2031 and CR2025 is names one will hear often.

Both the battery is almost identical without the thickness and the electron storing capacity. Sometimes people want to interchange those because of the availability and some other reason. Hopefully, readers have found all the answers on Cr 2025 Vs 2032 from the discussion above.

Differences in capacity

There are also differences between the three models of CR button cells in terms of electrical values. While all three have the same voltage of 3,0 volts, they have different capacities due to their different volume:

A higher capacity (larger number when specifying the mAh) means in practice that the button cells can deliver more electrical power. If you were to operate a calculator with a CR2032 instead of a CR2016 button cell, it would last more than twice as long. However, due to the different heights of the design, this will usually not be possible.

Rechargeable? Only the types ML and LIR!

Since I was asked if the CR2032 and CR2025/2016 are rechargeable, I did a little research in this direction. The result: The variant with “CR” at the front is always a disposable battery. Only the models with “ML” and “LIR” in front (i.e. ML2032 or LIR2032) are rechargeable batteries. If you try to charge the CR button cells, they can explode in the worst case. Due to the built-in lithium, this is usually associated with flames, which can lead to a fire on flammable surfaces. So before loading, please check the designation of the button cell!

2032, battery, equivalent, 2025, federal

A question that a reader asked me should still be answered: What is the difference between ML2032 and LIR2032 and what do these abbreviations stand for.

The difference between these two types of button cell is not only in the chemical composition, but also in the nominal voltage and the charge:

Now which is the better choice? ML or LIR? In most cases, this is probably the ML button cell, as it has a higher energy density than the LIR variant and thus “lasts” longer. However, both types cannot match the runtime of a disposable CR button cell, which can deliver almost three times as much energy as an ML button cell.

2x CR2016 = CR2032? NO!

I was recently asked whether you could use 2032x a CR2 button cell instead of a CR2016. The dimensions are then identical and it would fit into the corresponding device, but you would have connected two 3,0 volt batteries in series, resulting in a total voltage of 6,0 volts. This is twice as high as the voltage that the device actually expects and one can assume that the calculator or the remote control. or whatever device it is. will be permanently damaged. In short: the probability is very high that you will break the device with it. So: 2x CR2016 ≠ CR2032.

Today I got a trick from my reader Helmut on how you can help yourself when a CR2032 is necessary, but you only have a CR2016 or a CR2025 available. It’s the same if you need a CR2025 but only have a CR2016 on hand.

The only problem here is the lack of height, which prevents the flatter model from being used. In terms of tension, there would be no problem.

To compensate for the missing height, you can make a small ball out of aluminum foil and insert this into the device with the flatter button cell. It is important, however, that the ball does not slip towards the edge, otherwise there is a risk of a short circuit. And you should always only press the aluminum ball on the top of the button cell, since no contact with the other pole is possible on the top.

The trick is ok if you know what you are doing. I would say: “Use at your own risk!”. A short circuit in a button cell can quickly lead to an explosion of the battery, which should be avoided at all costs. But maybe the trick will help one or the other reader out of an emergency. Thanks for the addition, Helmut!

EV battery ETF

Other EV companies we are following include Envirotech Vehicles (EVTV), Atlis Motors, Ayro Inc. (AYRO), Blue Bird Corporation (BLBD), Blink Charging (BLNK), Byton (private), Canoo Holdings (GOEV), Chery Automobile Co. Ltd. (private), Chongqing Changan Automobile [SHE:000625], Didi Chuxing, Electric Last Mile Solutions Inc. (ELMS) (ELMS), Ferrari NV (RACE), Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Hyliion Holdings (HYLN), Ideanomics Inc. (IDEX), Mahindra Mahindra (OTC:MAHDY), Nikola Corporation (NKLA), Niu Technologies (NIU), Proterra (PTRA), Qiantu Motor, Sono Group N.V (SEV), Subaru (OTCPK:FUJHY), Suzuki Motor Corp. [TYO: 7269] (OTCPK:SZKMY) (OTCPK:SZKMF), Vinfast, WM Motor, and Zhi Dou (private).

The list of countries and cities banning (or planning to ban) petrol and diesel vehicles include at least:

  • Norway (2025); UK, Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, Greece, Ireland, Israel (2030); Scotland (2032); Hong Kong (2030-40); EU, Germany, Japan, Canada (2035); France, Spain, Egypt, Taiwan, Singapore, India, New Zealand and Poland (2040).
  • Rome (2024); Athens, Paris, London, Stuttgart, Mexico City, Madrid (2025); Amsterdam, Brussels, Hainan (2030); California, New York, Quebec Province (2035); Sao Paolo, Seoul (2040).

Note: Wikipedia has an excellent list showing the phase out of fossil fuels in various cities and countries.


June 2023 global plugin electric car sales were 1,260,000 up 38% YoY and reached 19% global market share; 38% share in China, 25% in Europe, and ~9% in USA.

Highlights for the month were:

  • China’s MIIT confirms that the 6b emission standard will take effect on July 1 in China.
  • China has announced a slew of measures to bolster its economy, including for EVs.
  • Mercedes-Benz picks Tesla’s charging standard for North America EVs from 2025.
  • Chinese electric vehicle manufacturers are pouring into Thailand.
  • Major automakers plan thousands of EV chargers in 450 billion effort. 7 major automakers plan to install at least 30,000 fast chargers in North America.
  • U.S House panel pushes to pass bipartisan autonomous vehicle legislation this year.
  • U.S. proposes to boost fuel economy standards for new vehicles to 58 mpg by 2032.
  • BYD smashes sales records in first half of 2023, selling 1.25M BEVs. China’s BYD says first-half net profit could more than triple. BYD proposes 450 billion India plan to build EVs, batteries (report).
  • Tesla cleared to begin Gigafactory Mexico construction. Tesla rumored to build new 4.8 Billion gigafactory in Spain. Tesla eyes producing 500K vehicles a year locally in India. Electrek. Tesla Cybertruck orders surpass 1.9 million, 5 year wait times. The Cybertruck entered production earlier this month.
  • Volkswagen Group EV deliveries up 48% in H1, 2023. Volkswagen takes 700 million XPeng stake for EV pact to win back China.
  • China’s first electric pickup truck (from Geely) is headed for international markets.
  • Stellantis, Samsung SDI announce plans to build second StarPlus Energy Gigafactory in the U.S.
  • BMW deliveries of fully-electric vehicles more than doubled again: BMW Group 117.5%.
  • Hyundai Q2, 2023 sales of full electric models jumped 47% Y/y to nearly 78,000 units.
  • GAC Aion sold 45,013 EVs in June, up 86% year on year.
  • Mercedes-Benz passenger cars BEV sales up 123% to 56,300 units in Q2.
  • Li Auto Q2 deliveries of 86,533, up 201.6% YoY.
  • GWM sold 26,669 NEVs in June, up 110.32% YoY. GWM launches ORA 03 in Brazil.
  • Ford cuts on its electric F-150 Lightning pickups by as much as 10,000.
  • NIO Inc. announces closing of Strategic Equity Investment from CYVN (majority owned by the Abu Dhabi Government) of US738.5m.
  • Nissan to invest some 725 million in Renault’s EV unit.
  • Nissan to adopt North American Charging Standard (NACS) for Ariya and future EV models.
  • Polestar achieves record deliveries in the second quarter, growing 36% YoY.
  • Rivian it is on track to deliver on the 50,000 annual production guidance previously provided.
  • Fisker expects vehicles produced to exceed 1,400 in early July. Fisker announces successful closing of 340 million Convertible Notes Offering.
  • Toyota plans to build ‘competitive’ local EVs in China as it looks to play catchup.
  • Tata Motors posts highest ever quarterly sales of 19,346 EVs in Q1 FY24, up ~105% YoY. Tata chooses UK for 5 bln Jaguar Land Rover gigafactory.
  • Mazda MX-5 to go electric in 2027. Mazda kills off MX-30 EV in US.

As usual all Комментарии и мнения владельцев are welcome.

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What is a tax credit?

A tax credit is a dollar-for-dollar reduction in the amount of income tax you would otherwise owe. For example, claiming a 450,000 federal tax credit reduces your federal income taxes due by 450,000. The federal tax credit is sometimes referred to as an Investment Tax Credit, or ITC, though is different from the ITC offered to businesses that own solar systems.

The federal residential solar energy credit is a tax credit that can be claimed on federal income taxes for a percentage of the cost of a solar PV system paid for by the taxpayer. ( Other types of renewable energy are also eligible for similar credits but are beyond the scope of this guidance.)

The installation of the system must be complete during the tax year.

Solar PV systems installed in 2020 and 2021 are eligible for a 26% tax credit. In August 2022, Congress passed an extension of the ITC, raising it to 30% for the installation of which was between 2022-2032. ( Systems installed on or before December 31, 2019 were also eligible for a 30% tax credit.) It will decrease to 26% for systems installed in 2033 and to 22% for systems installed in 2034. The tax credit expires starting in 2035 unless Congress renews it.

There is no maximum amount that can be claimed.

Am I eligible to claim the federal solar tax credit?

You might be eligible for this tax credit if you meet the following criteria:

  • Your solar PV system was installed between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2034.
  • The solar PV system is located at a residence of yours in the United States.
  • Either:
  • You own the solar PV system (i.e., you purchased it with cash or through financing but you are neither leasing the system nor nor paying a solar company to purchase the electricity generated by the system).
  • Or, you purchased an interest in an off-site community solar project, if the electricity generated is credited against, and does not exceed, your home’s electricity consumption. Notes: the IRS issued a statement (see link above) allowing a particular taxpayer to claim a tax credit for purchasing an interest in an off-site community solar project. However, this document, known as a private letter ruling or PLR, may not be relied on as precedent by other taxpayers. Also, you would not qualify if you only purchase the electricity from a community solar project.

What expenses are included?

The following expenses are included:

  • Solar PV panels or PV cells (including those used to power an attic fan, but not the fan itself)
  • Contractor labor costs for onsite preparation, assembly, or original installation, including permitting fees, inspection costs, and developer fees
  • Balance-of-system equipment, including wiring, inverters, and mounting equipment
  • Energy storage devices that have a capacity rating of 3 kilowatt-hours (kWh) or greater (for systems installed after December 31, 2022). If the storage is installed in a subsequent tax year to when the solar energy system is installed it is still eligible, however, the energy storage devices are still subject to the installation date requirements). Note: A private letter ruling may not be relied on as precedent by other taxpayers.
  • Sales taxes on eligible expenses

How do other incentives I receive affect the federal tax credit?

For current information on incentives, including incentive-specific contact information, visit the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency website.

Rebate from My Electric Utility to Install Solar

Under most circumstances, subsidies provided by your utility to you to install a solar PV system are excluded from income taxes through an exemption in federal law. When this is the case, the utility rebate for installing solar is subtracted from your system costs before you calculate your tax credit. For example, if your solar PV system installed in 2022 cost 18,000, and your utility gave you a one-time rebate of 450,000 for installing the system, your tax credit would be calculated as follows :

However, payments from a public utility to compensate for excess generated electricity not consumed by the taxpayer but delivered to the utility’s electrical grid (for example, net metering credits) are not subsidies for installing qualifying property and do not affect the taxpayer’s credit qualification or amounts.

Payment for Renewable Energy Certificates

When your utility, or other buyer, gives you cash or an incentive in exchange for renewable energy certificates or other environmental attributes of the electricity generated (either upfront or over time), the payment likely will be considered taxable income. If that is the case, the payment will increase your gross income, but it will not reduce the federal solar tax credit. Note: A private letter ruling may not be relied on as precedent by other taxpayers.

Rebate from My State Government

Unlike utility rebates, rebates from state governments generally do not reduce your federal tax credit. For example, if your solar PV system was installed in 2022, installation costs totaled 18,000, and your state government gave you a one-time rebate of 450,000 for installing the system, your federal tax credit would be calculated as follows :

State Tax Credit

State tax credits for installing solar PV generally do not reduce federal tax credits—and vice versa. However, when you receive a state tax credit, the taxable income you report on your federal taxes may be higher than it otherwise would have been because you now have less state income tax to deduct. (The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 placed a 10,000 limit on state and local tax (SALT) deduction through 2025. Therefore, if a homeowner is still paying more than 10,000 in SALT after claiming a state tax credit, the state tax credit benefit would not effectively be reduced by the federal tax rate, as it would not impact federal taxes (due to the SALT limit).) The end result of claiming a state tax credit is that the amount of the state tax credit is effectively taxed at the federal tax level.

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